The further note that occupations should be available for all applies with particular force to women and to minority groups. At the present time the situation of women, although improving, is still unsatisfying. A great deal could be done in terms of organizing work patterns and opportunities, whether part-time or not, whereby those who are not adequately satisfied with their traditional housewife role may find other outlets, and still not give up this socially necessary role. There is room here for enormous and exciting projects in social experimentation.

Allocation of responsibility for these social changes is not easy. How much is it a function of the schools, how much of other civic institutions, how much of industry to see to it that vocational guidance is available, that education is suited to the needs of an industrial society, and that workers are protected but not overprotected?


Berg, I. "Comments on Super's career patterns as a basis for vocational counseling". J. counsel. Psychol., 1954, 1, 19-20.

Foshay, A. W. "Foundations for guidance toward science". Education, 1953, 73, 431-433.

Friend, F. G., and E. A. Haggard. Work adjustment in relation to family background. Appl. Psychol. Monogr. 16. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1948.

Knapp, R. H., and H. B. Goodrich. Origins of American scientists. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Reynolds, L. G. The structure of the labor market. New York: Harper, 1951.

Roe, A. The making of a scientist. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1953.

Shartle, C. A. "A clinical approach to foremanship". Person. J., 1934, 13, 135‐ 139.

Tyler, L. E. "The relationship of interests to abilities and reputation among first-grade children". Educ. psychol. Measmt., 1951, 11, 255-264.


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