significant differences between New Mexico and the other states
in which the Spanish-speaking reside today in large numbers.
See Culbert ( 1943) for maps showing the distribution of the Spanish population
in New Mexico in 1744 and 1940. Ramsay ( 1951) gives this distribution for 1950, which to the author's knowledge is the latest such synthesis.
Defections from the Pueblos cannot be documented statistically, but some writers
have described these as case studies. Cf. Aitkin ( 1930:363) and especially Dozier ( 1961:122ff. and 144); and Dozier ( 1966:184). Dozier has also stated, "Spanish sources apparently lumped these Pueblo defectors together with the
'Genizaros,' i.e., more properly, ransomed Indians from nomadic tribes. Apparently the population of these Indian displaced persons was large up to the
middle of the 19th century" (personal communication).
This phenomenal increase in the Spanish population is difficult to understand
unless one admits the possibility or probability that increasing numbers of
Indians and mestizos were being counted as Spaniards (see note 2). Zeleny,
however, assumes this increase to have been the result of immigration alone
( 1944:27). Probably both factors were of some importance. See also Sifuentes
For a detailed analysis of the effects of the new Anglo settlement on the already
precarious ecological balance in the state, see Harper,
For a recent, clear account of the state's dependence upon defense-related
activities, see Hawkins ( 1966); Walker ( 1966).
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Spanish-Americans of New Mexico:A Heritage of Pride.
Contributors: Nancie L. González - Author.
Publisher: University of New Mexico Press.
Place of publication: Albuquerque.
Publication year: 1969.
Page number: 14.
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