Amendments and Proposed Amendments
to the United States Constitution
MODE OF AMENDMENTThe Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary,
shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the
Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for
proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents
and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures
of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths
thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the
Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the
Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the
first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no
State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.
PROPOSED EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENTResolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein)
that the following Article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution
of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part
of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the
several States within seven years of the date of its submission by the Congress.
|1. ||Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.|
|2. ||The Congress shall have the power to enforce by appropriate legislation,
the provisions of this article.|
|3. ||This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.|
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment
for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within
the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Why ERA Failed:Politics, Women's Rights, and the Amending Process of the Constitution.
Contributors: Mary Frances Berry - Author.
Publisher: Indiana University Press.
Place of publication: Bloomington, IN.
Publication year: 1988.
Page number: 121.
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