Notes on the Plates
1. The beginning of the Gospel of St John in the Codex Sinaiticus. In black uncials on vellum. Discovered at the Monastery of St Catherine on Mt Sinai in separate parts, in 1844 and 1859 respectively. Of 390 leaves (covering parts of the Old, and the entire New Testament), all but 43, placed in the University Library at Leipzig in 1844, were acquired in 1867 by the Russian Imperial Government. Purchased for £100,000 in 1933 by the British Museum. Likely provenance, Alexandria or Palestine. First half of the fourth century. London, British Museum.
2. Detail of the Baptistery at Dura Europus on the Euphrates. Left, the covered font with fresco of the Good Shepherd at the west end of the room. Facing, on the north wall, arc other frescoes. Above, the Healing of the Paralytic and Christ walking on the Sea; below, the Three Marys at the Sepulchre (here shown as a sarcophagus.). The subject of the latter is disputed. c. 240. Yale University, Gallery of Fine Arts.
3. The Basilica of Maxentius in Rome. Constructed of brick-faced concrete on a gigantic scale--the vault over the great central hall spanned more than 70 ft--it seems to have derived its plan from the frigidaria of Imperial bath-buildings. The side aisles were broken up by transverse walls into three huge vaulted bays with coffered ceilings, but the longitudinal emphasis was partially preserved by doorways connecting the several bays. The building was planned and begun by Maxentius, but completed by Constantine, with some tasteless additions, after 312.
4. Fragmentary papyrus leaf (originally part of a bound book) containing passages from the Passion of Our Lord according to St John. Acquired in Egypt in 1923, it is the earliest known manuscript of the New Testament. Second half of the second century. Manchester, John Rylands Library.
5. Part of a funerary inscription, the so-called Monument of Avircius from Hieropolis in Phrygia. Inscribed in the lifetime of the bishop, it was


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The Early Christians


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