automatically as the society shifted away from the pursuit of bigness and the maximization of various indices developed by economists suffering from "physics envy," and moved toward maximizing things not amenable to statistical treatment, such as individual satisfaction and the quality of life. In a mature society the economic problem would in essence be solved.
Can a transition to a mature society be achieved in the United States? The question is obviously open. But we reiterate that a central question is that of scale. Can society escape the modern massiveness that threatens both the human environment and the human psyche today? It is probably no coincidence that the most intellectually stimulating book written by an economist in the 1970s was entitled Small is beautiful.159
Boffey, P. 1975. The brain bank of America. McGraw-Hill, New York. Critique of the National Academy of Sciences. Slightly too negative, but generally accurate.
Bonjean, Charles M., ed. 1976. "Scarcity and society", Social science quarterly, vol. 57, no. 2, September. This collection of essays by social scientists contains many articles pertinent to the issues raised in this chapter.
Boulding, Kenneth E. 1966. The economics of the coming Spaceship Earth. In Environmental quality in a growing economy, H. Jarrett, ed. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore. A superb article about making the transition from a cowboy economy to a spaceman economy.
Daly, Herman, ed. 1973. Toward a steady-state economy. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco. A fine collection -- see especially Daly's contributions.
Ehrlich, Paul R., and Anne H. Ehrlich. 1974. The end of affluence. Ballantine, New York. Discusses many facets of the ending of economic growth.
Hardin, Garrett. 1968. "The tragedy of the commons". Science, vol. 162 (December 13), pp. 1243-1248. A classic article.
Heilbroner, R. L. 1974. An inquiry into the human prospect. Norton, New York. A distinguished economist looks at the human predicament, with special emphasis on political implications. Brief and highly recommended.
Hirsch, Fred. 1976. "Social limits to growth". Harvard Press, Cambridge, Mass. Argues that affluence breeds social dissatisfaction, generating socio-political limits on economic growth. Note especially the treatment of positional goals. Thought provoking.
Holdren, John P. 1976. "The nuclear controversy and the limitations of decision-making by experts". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, March, pp. 20-22. What to do when expert consensus is impossible.
Illich, Ivan. 1971. Deschooling society, Harper and Row, New York. A provocative book of interest to all those concerned with the future of the educational system.____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Ecoscience:Population, Resources, Environment. Contributors: Paul R. Ehrlich - Author, Anne H. Ehrlich - Author, John P. Holdren - Author. Publisher: W. H. Freeman. Place of publication: San Francisco. Publication year: 1977. Page number: 876.