A Levantine Coasting-Steamer.--The Green Fields of Sharon.-- Jaffa.--Ramleh.--Lydda. --Rural Population.--First View of Jerusalem.--Mr. Seward's Reception.--The Sultan's Firman.--Church of the Holy Sepulchre.--Religious Intolerance.--Mount Calvary.--The Via Dolorosa.--The Mosque of Omar.--The Mosque El-Aksa.
Jaffa, June 8th.--The eleventh month of our voyage of circumnavigation opens upon us in Palestine. A Levantine coasting- steamer presents us with another peculiar phase of travel. Except our party, there are neither Americans, nor English, nor Europeans. All are natives of the towns of Syria, Palestine, the Greek islands, and Asia Minor. They are, in fact, a reproduction of the heterogeneous multitude whom Peter addressed at Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost, as far as the classifications of modern geography will allow:
"Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, Cretes and Arabians."
After being dazzled almost to blindness by the reflection of a tropical sunlight from the glaring sand of the desert, it is gratefully refreshing to look out upon the green fields of Sharon. Mr. Seward, who sojourned here a week under quarantine in 1859, indicated from the deck the convent made forever historical by Bonaparte's