United States Relations with China: With Special Reference to the Period 1944-1949

By United States Department Of State | Go to book overview

Annexes to Chapter II: A Review of Kuo-
mintang-Chinese Communist Relations,
1921-1944

34
"Telegram to the Nation" (Manifesto on the Seizure of Chiang
Kai-shek) December 12, 19361
Ever since the loss of the North-Eastern Provinces five years ago, our national sovereignty has been steadily weakened, and our territory has dwindled day by day. We suffered national humiliation at the time of the Shanghai Truce, and again with the Tangku Truce and the Ho-Umetsu Agreement. There is not a single citizen who does not feel sick at heart because of this.Recently there have been startling changes in the international situation. Certain Powers are intriguing with one another, and using our nation and our people as a sacrifice. When hostilities began in East Suiyuan, popular resentment reached its height, and our soldiers everywhere were very indignant.At this juncture, our Central Leader ought to encourage both military and civilians to organize the whole people in a united war of national defence. But while those soldiers at the front endure death and bloodshed in the defence of our national territories, the diplomatic authorities are still seeking compromises.Ever since the unjust imprisonment of the patriotic leaders in Shanghai, the whole world has been startled ; the whole of our people has been filled with anger and distress. To love one's country is an offence! This is a terrifying prospect. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, surrounded by a group of unworthy advisers, has forfeited the support of the masses of our people. He is deeply guilty for the harm his policies have done the country. We, Chang Hsuch-liang and the others undersigned, advised him with tears to take another way ; but we were repeatedly rejected and rebuked.Not long ago, the students in Sian were demonstrating in their National Salvation movement, and General Chiang set the police to killing these patriotic children. How could anyone with a human conscience bear to do this? We his colleagues of many years' standing, could not bear to sit still and witness it.Therefore we have tendered our last advice to Marshal Chiang, while guaranteeing his safety, in order to stimulate his awakening.The Military and Civilians in the North-West unanimously make the following demands:
1. Reorganize the Nanking Government, and admit all parties to share the joint responsibility of saving the nation.
2. Stop all kinds of civil wars.

1 James Bertram, First Act in China; the Story of the Sian Mutiny ( New York, The Viking Press, 1938), pp. 126-127.

-521-

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