Germany and the Central Powers in the World War, 1914- 1918

By Walther Hubatsch; Oswald P. Backus | Go to book overview
Save to active project

11. From Brest-Litovsk to Compiegne

Peace of Brest-Litovsk. With the armistice concluded on December 15, 1917, the Russian revolutionary government had reached its main objective. However, it tried to postpone as long as possible the conclusion of a peace treaty with the Central Powers. This was contrary to the desires of the Supreme Command, which wanted to secure a stable situation in the east as quickly as possible in order to be able to withdraw the army units stationed there and to send them to other theaters of operations. Peace negotiations between representatives of the Central Powers and of the Soviet government, which had begun on December 22, 1917, were interrupted after a few days and not resumed until January 9, 1918. The victors did not agree on their aims and were delayed for many weeks by Trotsky's well conceived tactics of negotiation. First, therefore, a separate peace with the Ukraine was concluded on February 9, 1918. The Ukraine was recognized as an independent state, and it promised to send urgently needed grain to Germany. When Trotsky one day later stated that Russia regarded the war as over, but refused to accept the peace terms of the Central Powers, the Supreme Command took this as foreshadowing the end of the armistice. After an announced deadline had passed on February 18, an advance began along the entire eastern front, mostly by rail, without meeting with any serious resistance. By the beginning of March, Kiev, Gomel, Orsha, Pskov, and Narva had been reached. The 10th Army, commanded by General von Falkenhayn who had been recalled from Turkey, was already preparing for an advance on Petrograd and on Moscow via Smolensk when a peace treaty was ratified at Brest-Litovsk on March 16, 1918, after the Soviet government had come to terms with representatives of the Central Powers on March 3. The Allies had not reacted to an invitation to take part in the peace negotiations.

Security program. The representative of the Supreme Command, Major General Max Hoffmann, during negotiations had finally overcome objections by State Secretary von Kuehlmann and Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister von Czernin, and forced execution of a pro. gram which was to protect their position in the east and was simultaneously to guarantee the food supply of the Central Powers. Russia promised to cede Poland, Lithuania and Courland. Furthermore, Livonia, Estonia, Finland, the Aland Islands, and the Ukraine were to

-102-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Germany and the Central Powers in the World War, 1914- 1918
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 138

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?