Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of Postwar American National Security Policy

By John Lewis Gaddis | Go to book overview
Appendix: National Security Expenditures as a
Percentage of Total Government Expenditures and
Gross National Product: 1945-1980 *
Fiscal year
Total government expenditures
(billions $)
National security expenditures, excluding veterans benefits
(billions $)
Percent of total expenditures allocated to defense
Gross national product
(billions $)
Percent of gross national product allocated to defense
1945
95.2
81.6
85.7
211.9
38.5
1946
61.7
44.7
72.4
208.5
21.4
1947
36.9
13.1
35.5
231.3
5.7
1948
36.5
13.0
35.6
257.6
5.0
1949
40.6
13.1
32.2
256.5
5.1
1950
43.1
13.1
30.4
284.8
4.6
1951
45.8
22.5
49.1
328.4
6.9
1952
68.0
44.0
64.7
345.5
12.7
1953
76.8
50.4
65.6
364.6
13.8
1954
70.9
46.6
65.7
364.8
12.8
1955
68.5
40.2
58.7
398.0
10.1
1956
70.5
40.3
57.2
419.2
9.6
1957
76.7
42.8
55.8
441.1
9.7
1958
82.6
44.4
53.8
447.3
9.9
1959
92.1
46.6
50.6
483.7
9.6
1960
92.2
45.9
49.8
503.7
9.1
1961
97.8
47.4
48.5
520.1
9.1
1962
106.8
51.1
47.8
560.3
9.1
1963
111.3
52.3
47.0
590.5
8.9
1964
118.6
53.6
45.2
632.4
8.5
1965
118.4
49.6
41.9
684.9
7.2
1966
134.7
56.8
42.2
749.9
7.6
1967
158.3
70.1
44.3
793.9
8.8
1968
178.8
80.5
45.0
864.2
9.3
1969
184.5
81.2
44.0
930.3
8.7
1970
196.6
80.3
40.8
977.1
8.2
1971
211.4
75.8
35.8
1,063.4
7.1
1972
232.0
76.6
33.0
1,171.1
6.5
1973
247.1
74.5
30.1
1,306.6
5.7
1974
269.6
77.8
28.9
1,412.9
5.5
1975
326.2
85.6
26.2
1,528.8
5.6
1976
366.4
89.4
24.4
1,700.1
5.3
1977
401.7
97.5
24.3
1,887.2
5.2
1978
450.8
105.2
23.3
2,107.6
5.0
1979
493.7
117.7
23.8
2,313.4
5.1
1980
563.6
130.4
23.1
2,518.0
5.2
(estimate)
____________________
*
Sources: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970 ( Washington: 1975), pp. 224, 1116; U. S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1979 ( Washington: 1979), pp. 364, 435; U. S. Office of Management and Budget, The Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1981 ( Washington: 1981), pp. 552, 612.

-359-

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