The Muslims of America

By Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad | Go to book overview

identity. Also considering challenges facing Muslims in the United States, Sulayman Nyang posits four specific needs: to maintain an Islamic identity, to defend Islamic institutions, to build Islamic economic structures, and to find ways to participate in American political life. Although clear differences exist among Muslims, he says, rituals and values hold them together. Nyang also distinguishes between what he calls the assimilationist and the simulationist Muslim, the first setting Islamic identity over against identity as an American and the second finding ways to reconcile both affiliations.

It is clear that these studies are the beginning of what must be an even more farreaching effort. Much work remains to be done on such topics as Islamic society in relation to American social and diplomatic history, the ways in which a new community is formed by individuals from a variety of national and social backgrounds, the role(s) of the mosque, the development of Islamic leadership, attempts to create an Islamic economic system, the establishment of Islamic businesses to meet specific Islamic needs as well as ethnic preferences, the integration of black Americans into an Islamic system, and the integration of Muslims into the American black culture.

The present volume is the first of what must be ongoing efforts to organize and present the research of a wide range of scholars dedicated to an examination of Islam in the American context.


Notes
1.
For a list of available material, see Yvonne Haddad, "Muslims in America: A Select Bibliography," The Muslim World 76 ( 1986): 93-122.
2.
The producers of two television programs are seeking national outlets for their products. These include " The Arabic Hour," which is produced in Boston and telecast in Chicago, Los Angeles, and San Francisco, and a new weekly series on Islam produced in Los Angeles. There are other groups with local access, including a youth group in Virginia.
3.
The most widely heard radio personality is Warith Deen Muhammad, the leader of what used to be called the American Muslim Mission, whose weekly broadcasts are carried by over thirty stations. Other local programs are heard in New York City and Houston.
4.
Stories have recently appeared in The Atlanta Constitution and Journal, the Philadelphia Inquirer , the New York Times, the Orange County Register, the San Francisco Examiner, the Washington Times, and the Chicago Sun.
5.
Radio Canada of Quebec and WNBC have carried stories about Muslims in the New York area, as have " CBS Morning News," Monitor TV, CNN, and WCBS. Issues have been discussed by Morton Downey and Phil Donahue, and on " 60 Minutes."
6.
There are an estimated 3 million to 4 million Muslims in America, more than the total membership of the Episcopal Church or of the United Church of Christ. The number of Muslims in the world is estimated at eight hundred fifty million to one billion.
7.
For example, there were twenty-eight thousand Iranian students studying in the United States in 1978.
8.
Such persons are estimated at about one million.

-8-

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The Muslims of America
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Religion in America Series *
  • The Muslims of America *
  • Acknowledgments *
  • Contents *
  • Contributors *
  • Introduction- the Muslims of America 3
  • Notes 8
  • I- The Muslims of the United States *
  • 1- Muslim Organizations in the United States 11
  • Notes 24
  • 2- Estimate of Muslims Living in America 25
  • Notes 35
  • References 36
  • II- Perceptions of Muslims in the United States *
  • 3- Perspectives of American Churches on Islam and the Muslim Community in North America 39
  • Notes 49
  • 4- The Muslim as the "Other" 53
  • Notes 61
  • III- Islamic Thought in the United States *
  • 5- Ismail R. Al-Faruqi 65
  • Notes 78
  • 6- Seyyed Hossein Nasr 80
  • Notes 92
  • 7- The Legacy of Fazlur Rahman 96
  • Notes 105
  • IV- Islamic Activity in the United States *
  • 8- Political Activity of Muslims in America 111
  • Notes 123
  • 9- Da''Wa in the West 125
  • Notes 134
  • 10- Muslims in Prison 136
  • Notes 151
  • 11- Islamic Education in the United States and Canada 157
  • Notes 173
  • V- Muslim Women in Intercultural Perspective *
  • 12- African-American Muslim Women 177
  • Notes 186
  • 13- Two-Way Acculturation 188
  • Notes 200
  • VI- American Muslims and the Question of Identity *
  • 14- Islamic Issues for Muslims in the United States 205
  • Notes 215
  • 15- American Foreign Policy in the Middle East and Its Impact on the Identity of Arab Muslims in the United States 217
  • Notes 231
  • 16- Convergence and Divergence in an Emergent Community 236
  • Notes 248
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