tion would be even harder if the interests of the Umma were at odds with the
perceived interests of the United States.
The implications of this tension in the process of representation and self‐
identification of Muslims in North America are too important to be left
unobserved and unstudied, particularly from an Islamic viewpoint. Moreover,
such implications call for the development of a general Islamic theory of
representation, if our observations and criticism are to be Islamic. Such remains the task for future researchers and theorists.
Malcolm X, The Autobiography of Malcolm X as Told to Alex Haley ( New
York: Ballantine Books, 1964), p. 256.
Warith Deen Muhammad, An African American Genesis ( Chicago: Progressive
Publishing Company, 1982), p. 10.
Malcolm X, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, p. 241.
The theory was outlined by Warith Deen Muhammad in a speech delivered
before the American Academy of Religion, November 19, 1978, in New Orleans. The
full text of the speech entitled " Evolution of the Nation of Islam" was published in Warith Deen Muhammad's book, An African American Genesis.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Muslims of America.
Contributors: Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad - Editor.
Publisher: Oxford University Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1993.
Page number: 61.
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