JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER

CHRONOLOGY.
1807 Born in Haverhill, Mass., December 17, son of a poor Quaker farmer.
1821 Became an enthusiastic reader of Burns's poetry.
1826 Garrison, abolitionist, published Whittier's first poem in a local newspaper.
1827-28 At Haverhill Academy, supporting himself by making shoes.
1829-32 Editor of various newspapers— American Manufacturer ( Boston), 1829; Haverhill Gazette, 1830; Essex Gazette ( Haverhill), 1830; New England Review ( Hartford), 1830-32.
1825-35 Wrote a number of romantic poems such as The Demon's Cave and The Fire Ship," suggesting Byron, Scott, Burns, and Coleridge.
1831 Legends of New England. Sketches and poems based mainly on local scenes viewed through romantic eyes.
1833 Justice and Expediency. Went to the Anti- Slavery Convention in Philadelphia. Wrote anti-slavery poems for New England Magazine and Liberator.
1835-36 Member of the Massachusetts legislature.
1838-40 Edited. Pennsylvania Freeman (Philadelphia). His office burned by mob.
1843, Lays of My Home and Other Poems.
1844-45 Editor of Middlesex Standard; stayed in Lowell six months; wrote The Stranger in Lowell (prose).
1846 Voices of Freedom.
1849 Poems (collected edition).
1850 Songs of Labor and Other Poems. Also Old Portraits and Modern Sketches. Declines nomination as State Senator on coalition ticket.
1854 Literary Recreations and Miscellanies.
1856 The Panorama and Other Poems.
1857 Began his contributions to the Atlantic Monthly with "The Gift of Tritemus" in the first number.
1863 "Barbara Frietchie" in Atlantic for October, and included in In War Time and Other Poems.
1866 Snow-Bound. LL.D. from Harvard.
1867 The Tent on the Beach and Other Poems. Becomes comparatively well-to-do.
1865 Among the Hills and Other Poems.
1872 "The Pennsylvania Pilgrim" (considered by Whittier his best poem).
1874 Hazel Blossoms.
1876 Although he kept his house in Amesbury, he spent most of his time in Danvers, Mass.
1878 The Vision of Echard and Other Poems.
1887 Eightieth birthday celebrated widely throughout the country.
1892 Died in New Hampshire, September 7.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
I. Bibliography
Bierstadt, E. H. "A Bibliography of the Original Editions of the Works of John Greenleaf Whittier", Book Buyer, n.s. xii, May-October, 1895. Carter, G. F. "Some Little Known Whittierana", Literary Collector, VII, 169-172 ( April, 1904). Ristine, F. H. The Cambridge History of American Literature. New York: 1918. II, 436-451. (This bibliography is the most complete now available, but it will be superseded by the exhaustive bibliography of Whittier now being prepared by T. F. Currier.)
"The John Greenleaf Whittier Centenary Exhibition at the Essex Institute, Dec. 17, 1907-Jan. 31, 1908", Essex Institute Historical Collections, April, 1908, pp. 123-146. The Stephen H. Wakeman Collection. 1924. (Whittier Nos. 1076-1279.) (See also Mordell and Pray below.)
II. TEXT
Albree, J. (ed.) Whittier Correspondence from the Oak Knoll Collection, 1830-92. Salem: 1911. Pickard, S. T. Whittier as a Politician. Illustrated by his letters to Professor Elizur Wright, Jr., now first published. Boston: 1900. (These fifty- three pages of letters by Whittier, with Pickard's editorial comment, furnish valuable evidence of Whittier's activities as an abolitionist and astutely practical politician.)
Pray, Frances M. A Study of Whittier's Apprenticeship as a Poet:Dealing with Poems Written between 1825 and 1835 not available in the Poet's Collected Works. Bristol, N. H.: 1930. (Prints 109 early poems. Of these ten, signed Ichabod," are probably not by Whittier—see Mordell, Quaker Militant, p. 18. A list of uncollected poems prior to 1835 is printed on pages 247- 262. The introduction of about 100 pages surveys [up to 1835] general influences on Whittier, his poems inspired by reading, his poems on social and political subjects, his reflective poems, love poems, and poems on New England and its past.)
Scudder, H. E. (ed.). The Complete Poetical Work's of John Greenleaf Whittier. Cambridge Edition. Boston: 1894, (The indispensable one-volume edition of the authorized text. The head notes are useful, as well as the notes at the back of the book. The poems follow Whittier's own topical arrangement, but the valuable "List of Mr. Whittier's Poems Arranged Chronologically" furnishes the basis for the study of the growth of his mind. The many early poems not

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Major American Poets
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents ix
  • Philip Freneau 1
  • William Cullen Bryant 61
  • John Greenleaf Whittier 105
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 191
  • Edgar Allan Poe 243
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 287
  • James Russell Lowell 435
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes 543
  • Emily Dickinson 603
  • Sidney Lanier 611
  • Walt Whitman 651
  • Vachel Lindsay 733
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson 755
  • Notes Chronological, Bibliographical, Critical 779
  • William Cullen Bryant 788
  • John Greenleaf Whittier 798
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 817
  • Edgar Alian Poe 834
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 847
  • James Russell Lowell 860
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes 882
  • Emily Dickinson 893
  • Sidney Lanier 903
  • Walt Whitman 914
  • Vachel Lindsay 929
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson 938
  • General Principles of Poetics 948
  • General Index 951
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