EMILY DICKINSON

CHRONOLOGY
It is not possible to put a record of Emily Dickinson's life into the chronological form used for other authors in this book. There are no dates to be entered for successive volumes of her work, as none were published while she was alive. There are few external events to be chronicled, since most of her life was spent apart from any glare of publicity.
1830 Born, December 10, in Amherst, Mass. Her father, Edward Dickinson, educated at Yale, a lawyer of some prominence, "a gentleman of the old school," was for nearly forty years treasurer of Amherst College. Emily's girlhood winsomely normal, with all the interests of other young people of similar standing, but with a penetrating keenness of mind and vigor of expression that enabled her humorously to puncture many of the little bubbles of social hypocrisy so dear to the traditionally minded. Among her more intimate friends of this period (and throughout life) was Helen Hunt Jackson, daughter of an Amherst professor, author of Ramona, etc.
1847 At Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, where she showed her independent spirit by rebelling against the observance of Christmas as a day of fasting. On her return home the next year she again took up work in Amherst Academy. The year before going to South Hadley she had begun the acquaintance with Susan Gilbert (later " Sister Sue") who was to become the most sympathetic. and comprehending element in her life.
1854 Emily joined her father, then a member of Congress in Washington. She was socially popular, an excellent conversationalist, quick at repartee, and intelligently aware of the political scene of the day, There followed a visit to Philadelphia where she seems to have fallen in love with a young minister already married. Rather than bring unhappiness to another woman, she renounced this love. The extent to which this experience influenced the almost complete retirement of her later years can only be surmised.
1856 Emily's brother Austin and Susan Gilbert married and established their home adjoining the old Dickinson homestead. From this time on her chief outer interests seem to have centered in this new family, and to the wisely understanding "Sister Sue" went a constant flow of epigrammatic prose and poetic conimunication.
1862 Began her correspondence with Thomas Wentworth Higginson, sending him four poems, and asking his criticism and advice. He was at once greatly impressed by their unusual quality and in the ensuing correspondence gave the author suggestions for improving these and other poems sent later. It is significant that she never followed his views in regard to making her verse more nearly approach the traditional forms. Instead of doing that she usually sent some new verses. She knew what she wanted to write and fortunately was not amenable to his criticism. It is of record that she made two revisions at the suggestion of "Sister Sue," but otherwise she made little effort to change the original drafts. That she appreciated Higginson's advice, however, is shown by the fact that she referred to him as her "teacher."
1866 Her poem, "A narrow fellow in the grass," was printed in the Spring field Republican, February 14, under the title "The Snake," A copy had been given to the editor, Samuel Bowles; by "Sister Sue." A poem referred to as a "Valentine Extravaganza" seems to have been printed earlier in the same paper ( February 26, 1852) from a copy that had been given to J. G. Holland. A third poem, under the title "Success," was published by Helen Hunt Jackson in A Masque of Poets ( 1878), one of the volumes of the "No Name Series." These three poems were, apparently, the only ones printed during the author's lifetime, and she never offered any for publication.
1870 T. W. Higginson visited Emily Amherst, August 16.
1874 Her father died. Her mother became paralyzed the next year, dying in 1882. After the death of her father, Emily's retirement became almost complete.
1884 Breakdown in health.
1886 Died, May 15. She had requested that all her manuscripts and correspondence be destroyed, but upon examination of the mass of materials left, those responsible for carrying out her desires decided wisely that her own writings could not justifiably be lost. Her devoted sister Lavinia placed the poems in the hands of some friends, and the story of their posthumous publication appears below. A few more than nine hundred poems have so far been published, and Madame Bianchi may be expected to give the world still others from the material in her hands.

(The two books now available which are of supreme importance for the facts needed in understanding Emily Dickinson are those by her niece and literary executor, Martha Dickinson Bianchi. To these may be added a third, for intimate atmosphere, written by MacGregor Jenkins, who was a friend of the Dickinson family from childhood. See Bibliography below.)

-893-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Major American Poets
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents ix
  • Philip Freneau 1
  • William Cullen Bryant 61
  • John Greenleaf Whittier 105
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 191
  • Edgar Allan Poe 243
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 287
  • James Russell Lowell 435
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes 543
  • Emily Dickinson 603
  • Sidney Lanier 611
  • Walt Whitman 651
  • Vachel Lindsay 733
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson 755
  • Notes Chronological, Bibliographical, Critical 779
  • William Cullen Bryant 788
  • John Greenleaf Whittier 798
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 817
  • Edgar Alian Poe 834
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 847
  • James Russell Lowell 860
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes 882
  • Emily Dickinson 893
  • Sidney Lanier 903
  • Walt Whitman 914
  • Vachel Lindsay 929
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson 938
  • General Principles of Poetics 948
  • General Index 951
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 964

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.