SIDNEY LANIER

CHRONOLOGY
1842 Born in Macon, Georgia, in home of a successful lawyer, February 3.
1857 After private tutoring, and having shown himself precocious in music, he entered sophomore class of Oglethorpe University, where his mind was opened to the value of modern science, and where he did much reading which included Jeremy Taylor, Keats, Carlyle, Tennyson.
1860 Graduated, and appointed a tutor.
1861-65 Member of Confederate Army. In prison for four months, where he translated poems from Heine and Herder.
1865-67 Returned home dangerously ill. Was in turn clerk in hotel, teacher, lawyer. Discouraged by conditions in South.
1867 Published Tiger-Lilies. Married Mary Day. Increased financial difficulties.
1868-72 Studied and practiced law in Macon. Opportunity to hear good orchestras and praise of his own music by German critics ( 1873) led him to decide to devote his life to music and poetry.
1873 Baltimore. Played in Peabody Orchestra.
1874 Anxious to write poems but handicapped by "dreadful struggle for bread."
1875 Corn and The Symphony published in Lippincott's Magazine.
1876 Poems.
1878 Composed The Marshes of Glynn.
1879 Lecturer in English literature at Johns Hopkins University. Published The Boy's Froissart, first of a series of boys' books, written as "potboilers." Others were The Boy's King Arthur ( 1880), The Boy's Mabinogion ( 1881), and The Boy's Percy ( 1882).
1880 The Science of English Verse. Composed Sunrise.
1881 Died of tuberculosis, September 7.
1883 The English Novel and the Principle of Its Development.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
I. BIBLIOGRAPHY
The Cambridge History of American Literature. New York: 1918. II, 600-603.
Starke, A. H. Sidney Lanier: A Biographical and Critical Study. Chapel Hill, N. C.: 1933, pp. 455- 473. (The most up-to-date bibliography. Includes books, uncollected poems and prose, uncollected poem outlines, unpublished letters, and much biographical and critical matter about Lanier. Individual poems are not included in this bibliography, but their dates and places of publication may be found in the text by means of the index.)
II. TEXT
Poems of Sidney Lanier. Edited by his wife, with a memorial by W. H. Ward. New York: 1884. (New editions 1891 and later. This is the authoritative text.)
Select Poems of Sidney Lanier, ed. with an introduction, notes, and bibliography by M. Calla way, Jr. , New York: 1895.
Selections from Sidney Lanier, Prose and Verse, ed. with introduction and notes by H. W. Lanier. New York: 1916.
"A Commencement Address by Sidney Lanier", ed. by Jay B. Hubbell, American Literature, II, 385-404 ( Jan., 1931). (Important "chiefly for Lanier's remarks on art and on Southern literature.")
Tiger-Lilies:a Novel. New York: 1867. (Very rare.)
Florida. Philadelphia: 1875.
Letters of Sidney Lanier:Selections from His Correspondence, 1866-1881. New York: 1899.
Music and Poetry. New York: 1898.
Retrospects and Prospects:Descriptive and Historical Essays. New York: 1899.
"Sidney Lanier and Paul Hamilton Hayne:"Three Unpublished Letters, ed. by A. H. Starke, American Literature, I, 32-39 ( March, 1929). (Letters from Lanier to Hayne, mainly on the latter's poems.)
The English Novel. New York: 1883; rev. ed., New York: 1897.
The Science of English Verse. New York: 1880.
Shakspere and His Forerunners, ed. by H. W. Lanier . New York: 1902. 2 vols.
Poem Outlines. New York: 1908.
III. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM
Allen, G. W. "Lanier," in American Prosody. New York: 1935, pp. 277-301. (Standard. Surveys The Science of English Verse, Lanier's use of meter, his phonetic reiterations, and his imagery. Concludes that he represents "an American culmination of melody in conventional meters," that "he is the best representative of his particular manner.")
Baskervill, W. M. Southern Writers:Biographical and Critical Studies. Nashville, Tenn.: 1897- 1903. I, 137-298. (Readable general discussion. Divides Lanier's work into three periods. C. Furst [ Modern Language Notes, XIV, 197-205, Nov., 1899] praises Baskervill's work but argues that chronology of Lanier's poems does not warrant the three-period classification.)
Bentzon, Th. [Mme Blanc.] "Un Musicien Poète. Sidney Lanier," Choses et Gens d'Amérique

-903-

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Major American Poets
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents ix
  • Philip Freneau 1
  • William Cullen Bryant 61
  • John Greenleaf Whittier 105
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 191
  • Edgar Allan Poe 243
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 287
  • James Russell Lowell 435
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes 543
  • Emily Dickinson 603
  • Sidney Lanier 611
  • Walt Whitman 651
  • Vachel Lindsay 733
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson 755
  • Notes Chronological, Bibliographical, Critical 779
  • William Cullen Bryant 788
  • John Greenleaf Whittier 798
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 817
  • Edgar Alian Poe 834
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 847
  • James Russell Lowell 860
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes 882
  • Emily Dickinson 893
  • Sidney Lanier 903
  • Walt Whitman 914
  • Vachel Lindsay 929
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson 938
  • General Principles of Poetics 948
  • General Index 951
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