Stereotype Accuracy: Toward Appreciating Group Differences

By Yueh-Ting Lee; Lee J. Jussim et al. | Go to book overview
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Motivations and the Perceiver's
Group Membership:
Consequences for Stereotype

Carey S. Ryan

Social stereotypes have long been assumed to be inaccurate. This assumption underlies nearly all of the most influential theories of stereotyping and prejudice ( Ryan, Park, & Judd, in press), including, for example, scapegoating ( Dollard, Doob, Miller, Mowrer, & Sears, 1939), realistic group conflict theory (Sherif & Sherif, 1953), and social cognition theories of social categorization (Hamilton & Trolier, 1986). Despite the ubiquity of this assumption, however, there have been few empirical investigations of stereotype accuracy. Furthermore, the work that has been done has focused primarily on whether particular cultural stereotypes are accurate or inaccurate (e.g., Abate & Berrien, 1967; McCauley & Stitt, 1978; Swim, 1994) or on the complex methodological issues involved in the assessment of stereotype accuracy (e.g., Judd & Park, 1993; McCauley & Stitt, 1978). There has been little research concerning the psychological factors

Preparation of this chapter was partially supported by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Grant R03-MH53509-01.1 I acknowledge with gratitude the extensive advice of Charles Judd and Bernadette Park and the helpful comments of Richard Moreland and John Levine.

Correspondence concerning this chapter should be addressed to Carey S. Ryan, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260. Electronic mail may be sent to


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Stereotype Accuracy: Toward Appreciating Group Differences


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