War, Morality, and the Military Profession

By Malham M. Wakin | Go to book overview

that the major service of the military institution to the community of men it serves may well lie neither within the political sphere nor the functional. It could easily lie within the moral. The military institution is a mirror of its parent society, reflecting strengths and weaknesses. It can also be a well from which to draw refreshment for a body politic in need of it.

It is in the conviction that the highest service of the military to the state may well lie in the moral sphere, and the awareness that almost everything of importance in this respect can still be said, that I bring to an end what I have to offer here tonight in the Harmon Memorial Lecture for the year 1970.


Notes
1.
Lodwick Hartley, This Is Lorence (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: 1943), p. 153.
2.
Bruce Catton, "The Army of the Potomac", Vol. 1: Mr. Lincoln's Army ( New York: 1962), p. 89.
3.
Gordon A. Craig, The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640-1945 ( Oxford: 1955), p. 252.
4.
Forrest C. Pogne, "The Decision to Halt at the Elbe (1945)", Command Decisions, ed. Kent R. Greenfield ( New York: 1959), p. 375.
10.
Louis Morton, "Interservice Co-operation and Political-Military Collaboration", Total War and Cold War ed. Harry L. Coles ( Columbus, Ohio: 1962), p. 137.
11.
George F. Kennan, Realities of American Foreign Policy ( Princeton: 1954), p. 80.
12.
Karl von Clausewitz, On War, trans. O. J. Matthis Jolles ( Washington: 1943), p. 21.
13.
Samuel P. Huntington, The Soldier and the State ( Cambridge, Mass.: 1957), p. 387.
14.
MacArthues testimony before the Senate Armed Forces and Foreign Relations Committees quoted in Walter Millis (ed.), American Military Thought ( New York: 1966), p. 481.
15.
MacArthur's address to Joint Session of Congress, April 19, 1951, quoted in Douglas MacArthur, Reminiscences ( New York: 1964), p. 404.
16.
Douglas MacArthur, "War Cannot Be Controlled, It Must Be Abolished", Vital Speeches 17 ( August 15, 1951):653. Speech before Massachusetts Legislature, Boston, July 25, 1951.
17.
Huntington, Soldier and the State, p. 458.

-120-

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War, Morality, and the Military Profession
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • About the Book and Editor v
  • Contents vii
  • Preface to the First Edition xi
  • Preface to the Second Edition xiii
  • Part 1 Ethics and the Military Profession 1
  • Introduction to Part 1 3
  • Notes 8
  • 1: The World of Epictetus: Reflections on Survival and Leadership 10
  • 2: Officership as a Profession 23
  • Notes 33
  • 3: The Military Mind: Conservative Realism of the Professional Military Ethic 35
  • Notes 52
  • 4: The Future of the Military Profession 57
  • Notes 78
  • 5: Society and the Soldier: 1914-18 80
  • Notes 89
  • 6: Today and Tomorrow 90
  • Notes 102
  • 7: The Military in the Service of the State 104
  • Notes 120
  • 8: The Professions Under Siege 121
  • 9: The Shame of the Professions 134
  • 10: Duty, Honor, Country: Practice and Precept 140
  • Notes 155
  • 11: Conflicting Loyalties and the American Military Ethic 157
  • Notes 169
  • 12: Loyalty, Honor, and the Modern Military 171
  • Notes 178
  • 13: Integrity 180
  • 14: The Ethics of Leadership I 181
  • Notes 198
  • 15: The Ethics of Leadership II 200
  • Part 2 War and Morality 217
  • Introduction to Part 2 219
  • Notes 225
  • 16: Just and Unjust Wars 226
  • Notes 237
  • 17: The Just War and Non-Violence Positions 239
  • Notes 254
  • 18: Just-War Theories: The Bases, Interrelations, Priorities, and Functions of Their Criteria 256
  • Notes 272
  • 19: Pacifism: Some Philosophical Considerations 277
  • 20: War and Murder 284
  • Notes 296
  • 21: War and Massacre 297
  • Notes 314
  • 22: On the Morality of War: A Preliminary Inquiry 317
  • Notes 338
  • 23: The Killing of the Innocent 341
  • Notes 359
  • 24: War Crimes 365
  • Notes 378
  • 25: Superior Orders and Reprisals 380
  • Notes 389
  • 26: The Laws of War 391
  • Notes 407
  • Selected Bibliography 409
  • 27: On the Morality of Chemical/Biological War 410
  • Notes 422
  • 28: Supreme Emergency 425
  • Notes 442
  • 29: Some Paradoxes of Deterrence 444
  • Notes 460
  • 30: On Nuclear War and Nuclear Deterrence 463
  • Notes 483
  • 31: Moral Clarity in the Nuclear Age 487
  • Notes 497
  • 32: On Nuclear Morality 499
  • Notes 508
  • 33: The Moral Case for the Strategic Defense Initiative 509
  • Notes 515
  • The Contributors 517
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