Clearing the Air: The Real Story of the War on Air Pollution

By Indur Goklany | Go to book overview
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Index
Acid rain
compliance costs, 143
control program, 142-44
OTA study ( 1984), 142
Affluence, societal
relation of environmental degradation to, 88-89
relation to environmental quality, 102-5
Air exchange, indoors and outdoors, 45-46
Air pollution
under 1990 amendments to Clean Air Act, 39-41
ground-level concentrations, 49
historical perceptions of, 9-11
indicators for, 2
lessons in U.S. experience, 154
with recommended emissions trading, 142
reduction in urban levels ( 1920s-1960s), 31-32
steam locomotive as source of, 18
with technological change, 149
Air pollution control
arguments for larger federal role, 33
Chicago ( 1881), 13
city, county, and state-level programs ( 1880-1980), 21-22
early city ordinances, 13-16
federalization ( 1970), 1, 4, 29, 31-32, 36-37, 112
Ohio ordinance permitting ( 1890), 13
Oregon state-level program ( 1951), 26
Pittsburgh ( 1868), 13
prior to federalization at state level, 111-14
St. Louis ( 1860s), 13
use of Ringelmann smoke density chart, 14
Air Pollution Control Act ( 1955), United States, 26
Air pollution episodes
concerns related to, 34
Donora, PA ( 1948), 24-25
London and New York ( 1950s, 1960s, 1970), 26, 28-29
Meuse Valley, Belgium ( 1930s), 25
ozone alert in wisconsin, 29
Air quality
growth of county and state programs ( 1960s), 151
with improved dust collection, 116
improvements ( 1957-97), 52-65
improvements prior to Clean Air Act 1970 amendments, 4, 33, 52-65, 126
influence of NAAQS on, 125
outdoor measurements of, 2
pre- 1970 tightened opacity standards, 116
standards under Air Quality Act ( 1967), 30
trends in PM, SO2, and CO, 50
trends in United States, 91-95
See also Pollution; Pollution control
Air quality, indoor
concentrations of pollutants ( 1940-90), 44-46, 91
contributions of tobacco smoke to poor, 45-46
improvements in non-smoking homes, 44-47
as indicator of public health, 43-44
Air Quality Act ( 1967), United States, 28-30, 32-33, 114
Air quality control
under Air Quality Act ( 1967), 30
growth of local- and state-level programs ( 1960s), 115-16
state-level initiatives, 150
See also Air pollution control
Air quality control regions
under Air Quality Act ( 1967), 30
interstate, 115
Air quality monitoring
measures as indicators of air pollution, 2
programs for, 49

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