WAN LI (continued) AND THE FINAL REIGNS
From the mixed colours one passes appropriately to the subject of monochromes, especially as some of the pieces included under that heading appear to belong to the latter class. We should certainly group the white wares with or without engraved decoration, and the golden brown or yellow with engraved dragons among monochromes. We know that the famous white bowls of the Yung Lo period were still attempted, and that many extremely beautiful white wares were made by the Wan Li potters; and we can assume with confidence that the Hung Chih yellow and the Chia Ching aubergine monochromes were still produced. A beautiful green monochrome, the leaf green of the three- colour scheme, was included in the Pierpont Morgan Collection,1 a slender vase of beaker shape with dragon handles, and ornament engraved under the glaze; and there is a saucer-dish in the Grandidier Collection with engraved designs--a vase of flowers, etc.--under a green glaze. To these must be added turquoise blue, and without doubt underglaze blue of various shades, such as were used in the Chia Ching period. Celadon green, made also in the now moribund Ch'u Chou factories, was produced to some extent at Ching-tê Chên. This is seen on a bowl in the Victoria and Albert Museum (with French metal mount) with blue decoration inside and a pale celadon glaze on the exterior. A low bowl with pale clair-de-lune celadon glaze in the Eumorfopoulos Collection has a mark2 stating that it was made" to be treasured in the Ju-ch'êng family in the hsin mao year of Wan Li" (i.e. 1591). A Ming apple green vase in the British Museum makes it more than probable that apple green should be added to the list; and lustrous brown of the "Nanking yellow" type seems to be indicated by the chin huang (golden brown) which we found coupled with tzŭ chin (dead-leaf brown) in the Chia Ching lists.
The attempts at making underglaze red from copper probably resulted from time to time in unexpected flambé effects. These, classed as yao pien (furnace transmutations), are mentioned with superstitious awe in some of the older Chinese treatises. The appearance of such phenomena____________________
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Publication information: Book title: The Wares of the Ming Dynasty. Contributors: R. L. Hobson - Author. Publisher: Charles E. Tuttle Publishing. Place of publication: Rutland, VT. Publication year: 1962. Page number: 135.
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