THE EIGHTIETH CONGRESS
REVERSES A NEW DEAL POLICY
WHEN THE EIGHTIETH CONGRESS met in January 1947, Representative George Bender of Ohio presented his fellow Republicans with new brooms and the caption, "Here's yours. Let's do the job," saying it was time "to sweep away the cobwebs which have cluttered up our thinking." 1 Many Republicans viewed their 1946 victory as an opportunity to reverse much of the New Deal social legislation and there was little doubt that they would use these brooms to help enact some sort of legislation dealing with the national labor policy.
A campaign to amend the Wagner Act had been building in intensity since the activities of the Smith committee in 1939. In addition, the big majorities given to the Case bill by the previous Congress and the "mandate from the people" received in the 1946 elections assured action in this area. Then, too, the antilabor drive in the states reached its____________________