Hostile Takeover: The House Republican Party, 1980-1995

By Douglas L. Koopman | Go to book overview

Chapter 2
The Partisan Aspects of Congressional
Change

Congress scholars call the late 1960s through the middle 1970s a time of "reform," and identify the time from the late 1970s to the middle 1990s as the "post-reform era." The wave of changes with the Republican takeover has not yet gained a label. The reform era saw greater rank-and-file access to power, while the post-reform era brought a steady trend toward centralization of power within the majority-party leadership, rather than committees.

A traditional organizing principle of research on Congress has been its norms. 1 In the post-reform era Republicans came to see norms as partisan tools to aid, cover, and justify expanded Democratic power. The four traditional norms in the House of Representatives are seniority, specialization, reciprocity, and institutional loyalty. 2 The seniority norm is apparent when committee chairs and party leadership positions go to senior members. This norm would be violated when, for example, younger members conspicuously supported a leadership candidate not blessed by the sitting leaders, as occurred in the 1989 GOP Whip race. The specialization norm requires members to focus on their committees' jurisdictions and stay out of other areas. Violations occur when members join ideological caucuses, or organize intraparty groups that address a broad range of issues. Clearly, Gingrich's Conservative Opportunity Society violated this norm. The reciprocity norm involves matters of personal conduct—horse-trading, log-rolling, and mutual comity should govern personal relationships. Gingrich probably was most noted for violating this norm. The institutional loyalty norm contends that no issue is important enough to destroy the chamber. House Democratic Whip Tony Coelho often said

-31-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Hostile Takeover: The House Republican Party, 1980-1995
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 181

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.