Kentucky: A Guide to the Bluegrass State

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Tour 4A

Junction with US 25 -- Pineville -- Middlesboro -- Cumberland Gap -- (Tazewell, Tenn.); US 25E.

Junction with US 25 to Tennessee Line, 54.4 m.

Hard-surfaced roadbed.

Louisville & Nashville R.R. parallels route throughout.

All types of accommodations in towns; limited elsewhere.

Through Cumberland Gap at the southern end of US 25E, and over the route now followed in part by US 25E, came the first western surge of Kentucky pioneers, singly or in small groups, attracted by tales of fertile land yet unclaimed, of springs and brooks and rivers, of plentiful game and endless adventure.

Daniel Boone and his companions, sponsored by Col. Richard Henderson, became the advance guard for this westward movement, when in 1775 they marked the way to the site of what was to become Fort Boonesboro (see Tour 17A). Boone's Trace was not a new trail through the wilderness; it was a combination of paths long used by the buffalo and Indians, and later by French hunters and trappers. North of Cumberland Gap, for about 50 miles, Boone followed the Warriors Path -- which extended from the Shawnee villages on the Ohio and Scioto Rivers to the Cherokee country of the south -- then selected a buffalo trace that took him westward to Rockcastle River, up Roundstone Creek, through the gap in Big Hill, and down Otter Creek to the Kentucky River.

In the same year Benjamin Logan marked and improved a trail to the site of St. Asaph (see Tour 3), a track that branched westward from Boone's Trace at Rockcastle River, extended to the site of present Crab Orchard, and on to the Falls of the Ohio ( Louisville). Logan's trail, which became more important than Boone's Trace, was referred to as "the road through the great wilderness," and finally the Wilderness Road. As early as 1779 the Virginia Assembly passed an act providing for improvement of the Wilderness Road. Similar acts were passed by the Kentucky Legislature in 1795 and 1797, but it remained little more than a pack road until 1818, when definite steps were taken to widen it and to improve the fords.

The southern section of the Wilderness Road (paved US 25E) still passes through a land of mountains veined with mineral deposits, of rivers and ravines, of woods and flowers. But generations of white men have cleared and cultivated much of its fertile land and mined its

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Kentucky: A Guide to the Bluegrass State
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface ix
  • Contents xi
  • List of Illustrations xv
  • List of Maps xxi
  • General Information xxiii
  • Calendar of Events xxvii
  • Part I - Kentucky: the General Background 1
  • Kentuckians 3
  • Natural Setting 7
  • Archeology and Indians 28
  • History 35
  • Agriculture 50
  • Transportation 56
  • Manufacturing and Mining 60
  • Labor 66
  • The Negro 72
  • Religion 77
  • Education 83
  • Folklore and Folk Music 89
  • Kentucky Thorough- Breds 94
  • Press and Radio 102
  • The Arts 110
  • Part II - Cities and Towns 137
  • Ashland 139
  • Covington 147
  • Frankfort 157
  • Harrodsburg 168
  • Louisville 175
  • Lexington 197
  • Paducah 221
  • Part III - Highways and Byways 231
  • Tour 1 233
  • Tour 2 242
  • Tour 3 246
  • Tour 4 261
  • Tour 4a 274
  • Tour 4b 279
  • Tour 5 280
  • Tour 6 288
  • Tour 7 296
  • Tour 7a 309
  • Tour 8 315
  • Tour 9 322
  • Tour 10 324
  • Tour 11 329
  • Tour 12 334
  • Tour 12a 341
  • Tour 13 344
  • Tour 14 351
  • Tour 15 362
  • Tour 16 387
  • Tour 17 414
  • Tour 17 A 419
  • Tour 18 424
  • Tour 19 433
  • Tour 20 441
  • Part IV - Appendices 449
  • Chronology 451
  • Selective Bibliography 462
  • Index 471
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