THE UNITED STATES AND COMMERCIAL INTER
COURSE WITH HISPANIC AMERICA
The commerce between the United States and Hispanic-American colonies--Commercial relations during the Spanish-American revolutionary era--The first consular agencies of the United States in Hispanic America--Commercial status of the Spanish- American states after recognition by the United States--Early commercial treaties between the United States and Hispanic-American states--Their commercial intercourse from 1825 to 1850--The policy of the United States concerning the navigation of international rivers in Hispanic America--Commercial intercourse from 1850 to 1900-- Reciprocity--The commerce of the United States with the Hispanic-American states in 1914--Obstacles to trade between the United States and Hispanic-American countries --Commercial intercourse of the United States with the Hispanic-American states during the World War--The "Latin-American Division" of the Department of Commerce-- Management of Hispanic-American commerce.
Commercial relations between the United States and Hispanic America hark back to the colonial epoch of United States history. Before Thomas Jefferson penned the Declaration of Independence whaling vessels manned by hardy sailors from the New England colonies had pursued their gigantic game in southern waters and visited ports in Hispanic America. The commercial intercourse of the United States with colonial Spanish America had its real beginnings in the trade with the neighboring continental and insular colonies of Spain.
As early as 1789-1790 there were imported into Connecticut from Florida, Louisiana, and the Spanish West Indies spirits, molasses, coffee, brown sugar, salt, and indigo, while the port of Philadelphia had evidently established a trade in molasses and sugar with other Spanish-American colonies.1 At the same time large quantities of produce of the fisheries were shipped from the United States to the Spanish West Indies.2 Because of the scarcity of provisions in Cuba due to the war in Europe,____________________