The 1991 Maastricht Conference on the Political Union was saved, it is sometimes claimed, by one word: subsidiarity.1 Indeed, this word, or the concept expressed by it, introduced into the then EEC Treaty for the first time by the Single European Act (SEA), in the context of the environmental policy (Article 130r(4) EEC), 2 has been used widely throughout the Treaty on European Union. It is part of the European Treaties now in at least four places: the second penultimate recital in the preamble of the Treaty on European Union (expressly), Article A(2) TEU (impliedly), Article B(2) TEU (expressly) and, last but not least, Article 3b(2) EC.3 It is now the second most-often-mentioned principle in the European Treaties; only the prohibition of discrimination is mentioned in more places. Its specific importance is underscored by the decisive role it played in the success of the Maastricht Conference and in the ultimately-succesful efforts to dispel widespread popular concern about the Treaty on European Union.4____________________
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Publication information: Book title: Yearbook of European Law. Volume: 14. Contributors: Francis Geoffrey Jacobs - Editor. Publisher: Clarendon Press. Place of publication: Oxford, England. Publication year: 1982. Page number: 203.