Yearbook of European Law - Vol. 14

By Francis Geoffrey Jacobs | Go to book overview

The European Commission and the Enforcement of Environmental Law: an Invidious Position

RHIANNON WILLIAMS


I. Introduction

'In a treatise upon photography . . . one may assume the existence of the sun. In remarks upon the mischiefs of bureaucracy one may assume the excellence of the civil service.'1

The Commission is charged both with enforcement and with overtly political functions. Such duties may not make easy bedfellows. The possible effects of this juxtaposition of responsibilities on the application and enforcement of Community2 environmental law is of concern in the context of an ostensibly democratic political structure. Few would disagree with the basic principles of democracy, but it is in the mundane practices of daily life that they must be realized, and it is with such practices that this article is concerned.


II. The Constitution of the Commission

There is limited constitutional provision in the EC Treaty. With regard to the Commission, the relevant Articles are 155 to 163. Article 162.2 provides that the Commission shall adopt its rules of procedure so as to ensure that both it and its departments operate in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty. Those rules must be published.

The Rules of Procedure of the Commission which entered into force on 11 September 19933 replaced the provisional Rules of Procedure of 1967. There are just over three pages of rules, very much a bare framework, covering points such as the conduct of meetings of the Commission, other decision-making procedures, the preparation and implementation of Commission decisions, and deputizing.

____________________
1
Rt. Hon. Lord Hewart of Bury, The New Despotism (Ernst Benn Ltd, 1929) 13.
2
The environmental policy of the European Community is often wrongly referred to as that of the European Union. In accordance with the provisions of the Environment Title of the EC Treaty, environmental law and policy at EC level is here referred to as 'Community' law and policy. The EU is referred to where appropriate, in accordance with Part Two of the EC Treaty.
3
OJ 1993 L 230/15.
© Rhiannon Williams, 1995. Formerly DG XI European Commission.

-351-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Yearbook of European Law - Vol. 14
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 764

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.