(All addresses in the General Information section are in Manhattan, unless otherwise indicated. See map on pages 6-7 for location of boroughs, waterways, harbor, main thoroughfares, bridges, tunnels, and parks; also see map on page 17 for general vicinity of New York.)
The city of New York is the largest in the Western Hemisphere and the second largest in the world, with a population in 1938 of 7,505,068 and an area of 322.83 square miles. It is exceeded in area and population only by London. The metropolis is situated on the Atlantic seaboard in the southeastern corner of New York State, at the mouth of the Hudson River. Its extreme length, north and south, is 36 miles; extreme breadth, 16 ½ miles.
New York City, chartered in 1898, consists of five boroughs, each also a county: Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), and Richmond, or Staten Island ( Richmond County). Manhattan, the original New York City, founded 1626, is an island; population 1,684,543, area 22.20 square miles. Brooklyn (settled 1636), on Long Island was formerly an independent city; population 2,798,093, area 80.95 square miles. The Bronx (settled 1641) is on the mainland north of Manhattan; population 1,499,- 090, area 41.41 square miles. Queens (settled about 1635) is on Long