New Jersey: A Guide to Its Present and Past

By Federal Writers' Project (N.J.) | Go to book overview

Racial and National
Groups

ALTHOUGH the farmlands of New Jersey have attracted immigrants during three centuries, the greatest influx of foreign-born has been to the industrial centers developed within the last hundred years. Close by New York City and the Ellis Island immigrant station, New Jersey absorbed wave after wave of Europeans until today it ranks fifth among the States in its percentage of foreign-born residents.

According to the United States census for 1930, the State had 844,442 foreign-born whites, plus 1,413,239 native whites of foreign or "mixed" parentage, constituting together about 57 percent of the total population. Negroes numbered 208,828, about 5 percent of the total. Native whites of native parentage were about 38 percent of the State's population, compared with an average of about 57 percent for the Nation.

Leading nationalities represented in the foreign-born white population, as recorded by the 1930 census, are shown below:

Percent of
NationalitiesNumberTotal Population
Italian 190,858 4.7
German 112,753 2.8
Polish 102,573 2.5
Irish 63,236 1.5
Russian 62,152 1.5
English 51,629 1.3
Scotch 34,721 .9
Czecho-Slovakian 32,358 .8
Hungarian 32,332 .8
Scandinavian 27,895 .7
Swedish 13,360 .4
Norwegian 7,870 .2
Danish 6,665 .11
Austrian 24,010 .6
Dutch 14,762 .4

Englishmen, Swedes, and Hollanders were first among the white newcomers to penetrate the wilderness that was to become New Jersey. To

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New Jersey: A Guide to Its Present and Past
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Sponsors' Forewords v
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • Illustrations xv
  • Maps xxi
  • General Information xxiii
  • Calendar of Events xxix
  • Part I - New Jersey: the General View 1
  • A New Jersey Silhouette 3
  • Natural Setting 7
  • Archeology and Indians 28
  • History 35
  • Government 55
  • Industry and Commerce 69
  • Labor 79
  • Agriculture 89
  • The Press 110
  • Racial and National Groups 118
  • Folklore and Folkways 126
  • Education 134
  • Religion 142
  • The Arts 151
  • Part II - Cities and Towns 187
  • Atlantic City 189
  • Bayonne 201
  • Bordentown 207
  • Burlington 216
  • Camden 225
  • Elizabeth 238
  • Freehold 250
  • Hackensack 256
  • Hoboken 262
  • Jersey City 270
  • Morristown 283
  • Mount Holly 292
  • New Brunswick 298
  • Newark 312
  • The Oranges and Maplewood 339
  • Passaic 345
  • Paterson 349
  • Perth Amboy 361
  • Princeton 370
  • Salem 390
  • Trenton 398
  • Part III - Tours 415
  • Part IV - Appendices 687
  • Bibliography 697
  • Index 705
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