ARTEAGA, Sebastián de. Born in Seville, Spain, 1610. Appears to have been a disciple of Rivera or Zurbarán. He came to Mexico in 1633 and became an honorary Notary of the Inquisition Tribunal. He died about 1635.
CABRERA, Miguel. Born in Oaxaca, 1695. He lived and worked in Mexico City. He became so famous that most of the churches of Mexico had paintings by him and he became the leader of an important group. Died in 1768.
CORREA, Juan. Became known in Mexico about 1674 and was very active until 1700. Later he went to Guatemala, where he died in 1738.
ECHAVE IBIA, Baltazar de. Son of Baltazar de Echave Orio and Isabel Ibia. Born in Mexico, 1583, Died in 1640. Although a faithful disciple of his father he developed an artistic personality of his own.
ECHAVE ORIO, Baltazar de. Born in the Basque village of Zumaya, Spain, in the mid-16th century. Came to America about 1573, having been apprenticed to his countryman Francisco de Zumaya, whose daughter he married. Died about 1620.
GUERRERO Y TORRES, Francisco. Born in Guadalupe (near Mexico City). One of the most famous Mexican architects of the end of the 18th century. In 1774 he built the dome of the "pocito" Church, so-called because it covers a well of miraculous water. This baroque masterpiece is remarkable for the richness of its colors. The walls are made of red "tezontle" (porous Mexican building stone). The domes are covered with small white and blue enameled tiles and the reliefs appearing on the main facade have acquired the shade of old ivory.
JUAREZ, José. Son of the painter Luis Judrez, born in 1614 or 1615. Died about 1669. His daughter Antonia married Antonio Rodriguez, former disciple of José Juárez, and their sons Nicolds and Juan continued the family's artistic dynasty.
PEREZ DE AGUILAR, Antonio. No biographical data available. The painting reproduced is dated 1769. Its style shows that the artist belonged the Miguel Cabrera group.
RODRIGUEZ-JUAREZ, Juan. Born in Mexico in 1675. Died, 1728. He was a prolific painter who obtained great and lasting prestige as one of the chief painters of the beginning of the 18th century.
TOLSA, Manuel. Born in Valencia, 1757. He was appointed Director of Sculpture at the Academy of San Carlos. He interpreted the academic classic style in both architecture and painting, with individual grace and an accomplished technique. He died in Mexico in 1816.
TRESGUERRAS, Francisco Eduardo de. Born in Celaya, Guanajuato, 1759. An eclectic artist who worked as architect, painter, sculptor, engraver, poet and writer. Died in 1833.
VAZQUEZ, José Maria. One of the last colonial painters. No biographical facts are known, except that he became Assistant Director of Painting at the Academy of San Carlos. His works are dated from 1806 to 1817.
XIMENO Y PLANES, Rafael. Born in Valencia, Spain, 1761. Came to New Spain in 1795, and was appointed Teacher of Painting at the Academy of San Carlos. In 1798 he was promoted to General Director of the Academy, and held this office until his death in 1825.
The Spanish and English texts in the notes under the reproductions and in the following biographies are not always literal equivalents of one another owing to greater familiarity with certain forms and terms on the part of Mexican readers.
The term " Academy of Fine Arts ( San Carlos)" in the English section of the catalogue denotes what is now called the "Escuela de Artes Pldsticas," Mexico, D. F. This school was founded by Charles III as the "Real Academia de San Carlos de Nueva Espafia" in 1783. During the 19th century its name was changed three times: in 1821 to "Academia Nacional de San Carlos de México"; during the Second Empire to "Academia Imperial de San Carlos de México", and in 1867
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Twenty Centuries of Mexican Art:Veinte Siglos de Arte Mexicano. Contributors: Museum of Modern Art - OrganizationName. Publisher: Instituto de Antropologaia e Historia. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1940. Page number: 183.