1. GENERAL WORKS
(a) INTRODUCTORY STUDIES,1. Begak, B. and Gromov, J. Bolsoe iskusstvo
dija malen'kih. /A great art for the young/ Moscow, State Film Publications, 1949.Problems of films for children are treated in the
following nine chapters: (1) Specific characteristics of films for children; (2) Films for children;
(3) Film biographies; (4) Filmed fairy tales; (5)
Adventure films; (6) Film comedies for children;
(7) Children's literature and films for children;
(8) The dialogue in children's films; (9) Perspectives of children's films.In chapter one the educational value of the
cinema and the particularly powerful influences of
the cinema on children are studied. The conception of a children's film is defined, age limits are
established and various opinions of educators on
these subjects are discussed.The authors define the specific characteristics
of children's films according to age groups. They
consider that the child's perception is empirical and
final, and that this dictates the particular character
and form of children's films: situations requiring a
certain maturity of judgement bythe spectators
must be treated with discretion; special precision is
required in the representation of moral values, and
there should be a maximum of action. The choice
of subjects is not limited; the authors feel that children's literature differs from general literature in the
manner of telling a story and not in what it tells .In the second chapter the authors examine the
historical development of children's films with
clearly-defined contemporary subjects, and analyse the best films of the past and the present.The third chapter is devoted to films concerning
great men. Their educational value, based on example, is enormous. Different aspects of biographical films -biographies of real or fictitious persons, historical or contemporary-are examined.
In addition to ideological content, stress is laid on
the problem of invention and fiction which bears a
close relation to the recreational qualities and the
interest of the spectacle.In the fourth chapter the filmed fairy tale is
defended. This type of entertainment is accessible
to all ages; such films differ, of course, as to the
complexity of conception, plot structure, pictorial
realization and the verbal texture of the story. A
detailed analysis of a cartoon is given.The fifth chapter deals with adventure films
citing several examples. Their special success
with children is attributed to their presentation of
uncommon and vivid events, and easily surmounted
difficulties, and to the fact that they contain more
"crowded" action than any other type of film.The authors are also of the opinion that the
hero must always win.For the production of films of phantasy based
on scientific facts, documentation, archives, and
works of popular science should be used.The sixth chapter is devoted to comedy which
should normally have a place in the children's film
repertoire. Reference is made to classic comedies,
adapted for different age-groups and dealing with
clearly defined social problems. The method of
constructing a comic situation for a children's
film is examined and the educational role of laughter
is stressed, whether as a reaction to simple good‐
heartedness or to satire.The seventh chapter discusses the close relationship between children's literature and children's
films and analyses the problems of adapting literary
works to the screen. The cinema does not always
take the best advantage of experience gained in the
field of children's literature.In selecting literary works for adaptation to
the screen, the literary interests of children, and
their reading ability and problems of literary
studies at school should be considered.The eighth chapter analyses the characteristics
of film dialogue for children, the dialogue being one
of the elements in the construction of the character.
The authors comment on the precision and persuasive force of the dialogue in the best children's films.In the final chapter, the development of children's
films according to an ideological and artistic plan,
and the need to train personnel for future productions, are discussed.2. Charters, W. W. Motion Pictures and Youth:
A Summary. In one volume with Holaday, P.W.
and Stoddard, George D., Getting Ideas from
the Movies, New York, Macmillan, 1934, 66 p. (Payne Fund Studies).Gives a summary survey of the "Payne Fund
Studies", which are dealt with separately in this
bibliography. See also under:
REFLEXIONS AND ASSESSMENTS
| Holaday, P. W. and
Stoddard, George D., Getting
Ideas from the Movies (no. 259) ;|
| Peterson, Ruth C. and
Thurstone, L. L., Motion Pictures and the Social Attitudes of Children (no . 195);|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Influence of the Cinema on Children and Adolescents:An Annotated International Bibliography.
Contributors: Unesco - OrganizationName.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1975.
Page number: 9.
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