CHAPTER I
The Path We Have Trod

Social welfare
In twentieth-century America:
An ever shifting pattern.
Charity; functional togetherness through organization;
Government payments, benefits, and services.
From Clara Barton to Mary Richmond,
From Carnegie to Girl Scouts to Cerebral Palsy,
From YMCA buildings to CARE packages,
From settlement houses to homemaker services,
From "paupers" to "clients"—
Here is
The Path We Have Trod.

AMERICAN SOCIAL WELFARE in the twentieth century has developed through six decades into a pattern derived from several basic forms of "doing good." Each form has served, on occasion, the interests of humanity.A vital part of the social history of the United States, therefore, is the story of how these several forms of social service activity clashed, built on one another, and finally emerged in an uneasy partnership.

The first "social service" reality in America was the individual caring for his own family, his close friends, and scarcely more than one stranger at a time. "Charity begins at home" was the outspoken motto of this individualist school, which rooted itself in such biblical statements as "Honor thy father and thy mother." Husbands and wives had primary responsibilities toward each other and toward their children.Younger brothers and sisters were often a lifelong concern of the eldest child. It was a disgrace to have a close relative cared for under the poor laws or living in an almshouse. Often the cloak of personal charity was cast over a total stranger, and neighborly concern could be expected in time of adversity. While some encountered social security in enslavement, many more discovered it in the diversity of opportunities for earning a living of one's choice on a new continent. The ministry then shouldered responsibilities that would one day become the province of social workers.

-3-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Welfare in America
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 319

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.