Albert H. Cantril and
Charles W. Roll, Jr., Hopes and Fears of the
American People ( Universe Books, 1971), pp. 15-30.
Tom Wicker, "Introduction," in
John Osborne, The First Two Years of
the Nixon Watch ( Liveright, 1971), p. x.
George H. Gallup, The Gallup Poll: Public Opinion 1935-1971 ( Random
House, 1972), vol. 3, pp. 2107, 2128, 2151, and 2158.
John Gardner, "Godkin Lectures" ( Harvard University, 1969), lecture
1, p. 1.
Philip B. Converse, "The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics,"
David E. Apter, ed., Ideology and Discontent ( Free Press, 1964), p. 207.
errold S. Schneider, Ideological Coalitions in Congress ( Greenwood
Press, 1979), pp. 11-12; Martin Seliger, Ideology and Politics ( Free Press, 1976),
p. 119. Seliger gives a useful account of the evolution of the term ideology
since it was first coined in Franceduring the Napoleonic era (pp. 28-62).
The Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. "conservative"; Robert Blake, The
Conservative Party from Peel to Churchill ( London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1970), p. 26.
Niles' Register ( Baltimore, Md., May 26, 1832), p. 236. The platform
was adopted by an "assembly of young men," which met in response to a
resolution by the National Republican Convention, held in December 1831.
Many historians regard the Democratic platform of 1840 as the first true party
See, for example, Robert G. McCloskey, American Conservatism in the
Age of Enterprise ( Harvard University Press, 1955), p. 22; and Michael Walzer, "In Defense of Equality," in
Lewis A. Coser and
Irving Howe, eds., The New
Conservatives ( Quadrangle, 1973), p. 107.