The World Trade Organization and the Environment

By P. K. Rao | Go to book overview
an actionable intervention on such members. None of these is conducive for harmonizing trade and the environment. Greater participation of the World Bank and the IMF to integrate the issues of including debt servicing and environmental issues, is essential. This integration could be sought in relation to debt and trade as well as trade and environment linkages. This is particularly relevant if these institutions can appreciate the role of integrating sovereign debt contracts with the compliance mechanisms required of various relevant multilateral environmental agreements.
Appendix I
Committee on trade and environment
(Decision of 14 April 1994)GATT Ministers, meeting on the occasion of signing the Final Act embodying the results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations at Marrakesh on 15 April 1994, proposed to the new WTO General Council to constitute a Committee on Trade and Environment to:
a. to identify the relationship between trade measures and environmental measures, in order to promote sustainable development;
b. to make appropriate recommendations on whether any modifications of the provisions of the multilateral trading system are required, compatible with the open, equitable and non-discriminatory nature of the system, as regards, in particular: the need for rules to enhance positive interaction between trade and environmental measures, for the promotion of sustainable development, with special consideration to the needs of developing countries, in particular those of the least developed among them; and the avoidance of protectionist trade measures, and the adherence to effective multilateral disciplines to ensure responsiveness of the multilateral trading system to environmental objectives set forth in Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration, in particular Principle 12; and surveillance of trade measures used for environmental purposes, of trade-related aspects of environmental measures which have significant trade effects, and of effective implementation of the multilateral disciplines governing those measures;'

The terms of reference of the Committee on Trade and Environment were described in the Decision as follows:

that, within these terms of reference, and with the aim of making international trade and environmental policies mutually supportive, the Committee will initially address the following matters, in relation to which any relevant issue may be raised;

the relationship between the provisions of the multilateral trading system and trade measures for environmental purposes, including those pursuant to multilateral environmental agreements;

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