the relationship between environmental policies relevant to trade and environmental measures with significant trade effects and the provisions of the
multilateral trading system;the relationship between the provisions of the multilateral trading system
and: (a) charges and taxes for environmental purposes; (b) requirements for
environmental purposes relating to products, including standards and technical regulations, packaging, labeling and recycling;the provisions of the multilateral trading system with respect to the transparency of trade measures used for environmental purposes and environmental measures and requirements which have significant trade effects;the relationship between the dispute settlement mechanisms in the multilateral
trading system and those found in multilateral environmental agreements;the effect of environmental measures on market access, especially in relation
to developing countries, in particular to the least developed among them,
and environmental benefits of removing trade restrictions and distortions;
the issue of exports of domestically prohibited goods;and that the Committee on Trade and Environment will consider the work
program envisaged in the Decision on Trade in Services and the Environment
and the relevant provisions of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of
Intellectual Property Rights as an integral part of its work, within the above
terms of reference.
Extract of the SPS AgreementDesiring to improve the human health, animal health and phytosanitary situation in all members, . . . , to elaborate rules . . . of GATT . . . in particular the
provisions of Article XX (b) provides the following:
Article 1: General provisions
|1.1 This Agreement applies to all sanitary and phytosanitary measures which
may, directly or indirectly, affect international trade. Such measures shall be
developed and applied in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement.|
|1.2 For the purposes of this Agreement, the definitions provided in
Annex A shall apply.|
|1.3 The annexes are an integral part of this Agreement.|
|1.4 Nothing in this Agreement shall affect the rights of Members under the
Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade with respect to measures not
within the scope of this Agreement.|
Article 2: Basic rights and obligations
|2.1 Members have the right to take sanitary and phytosanitary measures
necessary for the protection of human, animal or plant life or health,|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The World Trade Organization and the Environment.
Contributors: P. K. Rao - Author.
Publisher: St. Martin's Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 2000.
Page number: 115.
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