Reference Guide to Russian Literature

By Neil Cornwell; Nicole Christian | Go to book overview
GLOSSARY
Acmeism Post-Symbolist poetic grouping of the 1910s, striving for the "acme" of expression Izbrannoe Selected Works
Bylina Russian traditional Heroic poem KGB Committee for State Security: Soviet State security organs from 1953
Cheka Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage: Soviet State secret police ( 1917-22), forerunners of the KGB Kolkhoz Collective farm (Soviet period), initially under "collectivization", from late 1920s
Kulak [Literally "fist"] Richer peasant farmer, singled out for dispossession under "collectivization"
Conceptualism Postmodernist tendency in late 20thcentury Russian literature
Decembrists Participants in the failed uprising against Nicholas I, St Petersburg, 14 December (Old Style), 1825 LEF Left Front of Arts: revolutionary artistic grouping of the 1920s, headed by Vladimir Maiakovskii
Dol'nik An accentual verse metre (term coined by Briusov, early zoth century) Litfond Hardship fund for needy writers, established in the I9th century; subsequently administered by Union of Soviet Writers (see Writers' Union below)
Fellow Traveller [Poputchik] Sympathiser with the general aims of socialist construction in the years of consolidation of the Bolshevik-Soviet state Liubomudry Society of Wisdom Lovers: philosophicalliterary grouping of the early 18 zos, basing itself on German Romantic philosophy and headed by V.F. Odoevskii
Five-Year Plans Forced industrialization for economic development; introduced by Stalin, 1928 NEP New Economic Policy: limited re-introduction of market economy, following the Civil War, 1921-27 (succeeded by Five-Year Plan for construction of a socialist economy)
Formalism Name (originally pejorative) given to closereading and technical approach to literary analysis conducted by group of critics headed by Viktor Shklovskii, I9I0s-20s
NKVD People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs: Soviet State security organs, predecessors of the KGB
Futurism Iconoclastic avant-garde movement of 1910s OBERIU (Oberiuty) Association of Real Art (and its members): avant-garde artistic movement operating in Leningrad, late 1920s—early 1930s, headed by Daniil Kharms and Aleksandr Vvedenskii
Glasnost Policy of "openness" in public and artistic expression, introduced by Gorbachev (from 1985)
Golden Age Flowering of Russian literature (especially poetry), coinciding with the "Age of Pushkin" ( 1820s, 1830s) OGPU Unified State Political Directive: Soviet secret police ( 1922-34)
Gosizdat Officially published material by State publishing house in the Soviet period Perestroika Policy of "reconstruction" of the economy and institutions, brought in under Gorbachev ( 1985-91)
Goslitizdat State publishing house of the first half of the Soviet period Poema Long, or narrative, poem
Polnoe sobranie sochinenii Complete Works

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