Reference Guide to Russian Literature

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Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Fadeev 1901-1956
Novelist and literary functionary


Born in Kimry, Tver Province, 24 December 1901. Attended commercial school in Vladivostok, 1910-19, and at the Mining Academy in Moscow, 1921-24. Joined the Communist Party, 1918; Party name: Bulyga.Served in Red partisan detachments and the People's Revolutionary Army, 1919-21. Began to publish in 1923. Engaged in political Party work in the Kuban region and Rostov-on-Don, 1924-26. Elected to the presidium of the North Caucasus Association of Proletarian Writers, 1925. Married: I) Valeria Anatol'evna Gerasimova in 1925 (divorced 1932); 2) Angelina Iosifovna (Osipovna) Stepanova in 1936 or 1937, two sons. Returned to Moscow; full-time writer from 1926. Elected to the governing boards of the All-Union Association of Proletarian Writers, 1926-28, and Russian Association of Proletarian Writers, 1928-32. Elected to the presidium of the Organizing Committee of the Soviet Writers' Union, 1932-34. Member of the presidium of the board of the Soviet Writers' Union, 1934-39; and secretary thereof, 1939-43. Reporter for Pravda during World War II. Member of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party, 1939-56; delegate to the USSR Supreme Soviet, 1946-56. Recipient: Stalin Prize for Literature, first class, 1946. Secretary general of Soviet Writers' Union, 1946-53, and chairman of the board, 1953-54. Secretary of the Union's board, 1954-56. Played a prominent role in the Soviet-orchestrated peace movement at home and abroad, 1948-55. Committed suicide, 13 May 1956.


Collected Edition

Sobranie sochinenii, 7 vols. Moscow, 1969-71.


Protiv techeniia [ Against the Current]. Moscow, 1924; as Amgun'skii polk [ The Amgun'sk Regiment], Moscow, 1934; and as Rozhdenie Amgun'skogo polka [ The Birth of the Amgun'sk Regiment], Moscow, 1934.

Razliv [ The Flood]. Moscow, 1924.

Razgrom. Moscow, 1927; as Razgrom/The Rout, edited by Roger Cockrell, London, Bristol Classical Press, 1995; translated as The Nineteen, by R. D. Charques, London, Martin Lawrence, 1929; reprinted Westport, Connecticut, Hyperion Press, 1973; also translated as The Rout, by O. Gorchakov , Moscow, Foreign Languages Publishing House, c. 1957.

Poslednii iz Udege [ The Last of the Udege]. Moscow, 1941.

Molodaia gvardiia. Moscow, 1946; translated as The Young Guard, by Violet Dutt, Moscow, Progress, 1958; reprinted Moscow, Raduga, 1987.

Chernaia metallurgiia [ Ferrous Metallurgy]. Moscow, 1951-56.

Memoirs, Letters, and Literary Criticism

Leningrad v dni blokady: Iz dnevnika. Moscow, 1944; translated as Leningrad in the Days of the Blockade, by R. D. Charques , London, Hutchinson, 1946; Westport, Connecticut, Greenwood Press, 1971.

Za tridtsat' let: Izbrannye stat'i, rechi i pis'ma o literature i iskusstve [ Over Thirty Years: Selected Articles, Speeches and Letters on Literature and Art], edited by S. Preobrazhenskii, 2nd edition, Moscow, 1959.

Pis'ma 1917-1956 [Letters]. 2nd edition, Moscow, 1959.

Critical Studies

Russian Literature since the Revolution, by Edward J. Brown, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1963; znd edition, 1982, 134-40.

Russian Literature under Lenin and Stalin, 1917-1953, by Gleb Struve , Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971, 134-37.

Aleksandr Fadeev, by V. Ozerov, 4th edition, Moscow, 1976.

Russian Literature and Ideology: Herzen, Dostoevsky, Leontiev, Tolstoy, Fadeyev, by Nicholas Rzhevsky, Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1983, 133-48.

Aleksandr Fadeev: Pisatel'skaia sud'ba, by V. Boborykin, Moscow, 1989.

"Introduction", by Roger Cockrell, in Razgrom/ The Rout, London, Bristol Classical Press, 1995, v-xviii.


A. A. Fadeev: Seminarii, by N. I. Nikulina, Leningrad, 1958.

"Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Fadeev", in Russkie sovetskie pisateli prozaiki: Biobibliograficheskii ukazatel', vol. 5, Moscow, 1968, 245-321.

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Fadeev, Soviet novelist, literary theorist, and admininstrator, was a communist by upbringing and persuasion. His parents (a schoolteacher and a nurse) and his


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