To Create a New World? American Presidents and the United Nations

By John Allphin Moore Jr.; Jerry Pubantz | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Western powers, one person from the socialist bloc, and one person from the non-aligned states. This was a proposal requiring constitutional revision of the Charter, which meant that it had no chance of success. Yet Khrushchev pursued it, even threatening to veto any successor to Hammarskjöld at the end of his term unless the troika was accepted. The Soviets also refused to pay any special assessment for the Congo operation, joining France and a few other states in challenging Hammarskjöld's policy. The following spring the Kennedy administration would have to ask Congress for $100 million in bond issues to keep the United Nations afloat. The troika idea, coupled with the USSR's nonpayment of its assessments, demonstrated the depths the cold war had reached, even threatening the future viability of the United Nations itself.

JFK and the UN

I believe, Mr. Chairman, that you should recognize that free peoples in all parts of the world do not accept the claim of historical inevitability for the Communist Revolution. What your government believes is its own business; what it does is the world's business.

President Kennedy to Nikita Khrushchev
April 18, 1961

The Congo, the troika, Berlin, Vietnam, Formosa—all were part of the foreign policy agenda on a very cold January 20, 1961, as a new president took up the cold war struggle left to him by Truman and Eisenhower. The previous year had only added to the angst felt in world capitals and hometowns. Hopes had risen the previous spring because of a "Big Four" summit planned for Paris in May. Expectations were quickly dashed, however, by the shooting down of an American spy plane over the Soviet Union—which led, on the opening day of the summit, to Khrushchev's demand that Eisenhower apologize for the overflight. When the president refused, the meeting adjourned permanently. In Indochina, communist forces ratcheted up the attacks on the American-supported regime in South Vietnam and fomented revolution in Laos. In the Western Hemisphere, the new Cuban government under Fidel Castro, originally thought an improvement on the dictatorship of General Batista, declared its allegiance to communism, leading to a break in relations with the United States. The pristine white landscape left by a snowstorm in the District of Columbia


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
To Create a New World? American Presidents and the United Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 378

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?