adjusting their means of attack accordingly and often carrying on despite the obstacles placed in their path.
'All politics is a struggle for power,' wrote C. Wright Mills, and 'the ultimate kind of power is violence.'86 Terrorism is where politics and violence intersect in the hope of delivering power. All terrorism involves the quest for power: power to dominate and coerce, to intimidate and control, and ultimately to effect fundamental political change. Violence (or the threat of violence) is thus the sine qua non of terrorists, who are unswervingly convinced that only through violence can their cause triumph and their long-term political aims be attained. Terrorists therefore plan their operations in a manner that will shock, impress and intimidate, ensuring that their acts are sufficiently daring and violent to capture the attention of the media and, in turn, of the public and government as well. Often erroneously seen as indiscriminate or senseless, terrorism is actually a very deliberate and planned application of violence. It may be represented as a concatenation of five individual processes, designed to achieve, sequentially, the following key objectives:
1 Attention . Through dramatic, attention-riveting acts of violence, terrorists seek to focus attention on themselves and their causes through the publicity they receive, most often from news media coverage.
2 Acknowledgement . Having attracted this attention, and thrust some otherwise previously ignored or hitherto forgotten cause on to the state's -- or, often more desirably, the international community's -- agenda, terrorists seek to translate their new-found notoriety into acknowledgement (and perhaps even sympathy and support) of their cause.
3 Recognition . Terrorists attempt to capitalize on the interest and acknowledgement their violent acts have generated by obtaining recognition of their rights (i.e. acceptance of the justification of their cause) and of their particular organization as the spokesman of the constituency whom the terrorists purport to, or in some cases actually do, represent.


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Inside Terrorism


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