The Color of School Reform: Race, Politics, and the Challenge of Urban Education

By Jeffrey R. Henig; Richard C. Hula et al. | Go to book overview
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Abell Foundation, Baltimore, 94, 223–25
accountability: in black-led cities schools, 262–64; required of local school districts, 253
Ackerman, Arlene, 113n129
Ad Hoc Committee Concerned with Equal Educational Opportunity, Detroit, 138–39
adopt-a-school programs: Atlanta, 168, 202; Baltimore, 222–23; emphasis on, 202
African Americans: alliance in Detroit with UAW leaders, 37; black radicalism in Detroit, 37–38; bonds of personalism in black-led city school system, 19, 122–23, 152, 277; create Detroit Citizens for Community Control, 176; on D.C. school board, 35; dependent on public sector employment, 118–27; exodus from cities of middle- class, 196; as governing elite in some large cities, 5; migration to urban areas (1910–1970), 30; political presence in suburbs, 196; respondent views on business role in education reform, 230, 23233; rise of political power of, 33–41; role of ministers in black-led city schools, 137–51; sources of jobs in black-led cities for, 153. See also black community
Agyeman, Jaramogi Abebe. See Cleage, Albert, Jr.
Alinsky, Saul, 284–85
Allegheny Conference on Community Development, 211
American Federation of Teachers (AFT): BTU as member of, 132; in campaign against EAI in Baltimore, 97
Amprey, Walter G., 76, 94–95, 98
Anhalt, Bari, 83
Anyon, Jean, 3, 192
Apple Corp, Atlanta, 85, 90, 91, 168, 170
Archer, Dennis: as mayor of Detroit, 39, 242, 270
Ardrey, William, 138
Ascher, Carol, 175
Association of Black Parents (ABP), Washington, D.C., 204
Atlanta: adopt-a-school program, 168, 202; Atlanta Federation of Teachers (AFT), 90, 134–36, 170; black control of local levers of power, 6, 36–37, 55–62; business response to education problems, 221–22, 227–28; Carter Center Atlanta Project, 91, 169; Chamber of Commerce, 170, 222; Concerned Black Clergy, 91, 141–42, 151; Council of Intown Neighborhoods and Schools, 91, 168; Dream Jamboree, 168; education reforms (1988–1997), 74–82; effect of desegregation in, 42–43; enclave schools, 198; financial management of school system, 69–70; pay levels for teachers, 135–36; physical condition of schools, 68; population loss among children (1960– 1990), 196; proportion of state vote represented by, 268–69; race as determinant of education quality, 42; recent reform in educational politics, 83; role of black clergy in education issues, 140, 151; role of parent organizations and community groups in, 166–71; school board role in personnel hiring, 125–26; school system reform initiatives, 12–13; students' scholastic performance, 66, 71; Task Force on Public Education, 168; transition to black political control, 36–37; Ultimate Atlanta School Guide, 168–69. See also Campbell, Bill; Canada, Benjamin; Crim, Alonzo; school board, Atlanta
Atlanta Association of Educators, 90
Atlanta Chamber of Commerce, 90n78, 91
Atlanta Committee for Public Education (ACPE), 90–91, 169, 222
Atlanta Compromise (1973), 51, 84; business response following, 221; effect of, 255; racial requirements for public schools, 134
Atlanta Labor Council, 90
Atlantans Building Leadership for Empowerment (ABLE), 142
Atlanta Partnership for Business and Education, 85, 168
Atlanta Project. See Carter Center Atlanta Project
Atlanta Promise (1991), 79, 169


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