ANXIETY AND DIS-INTEGRATION:
Meaninglessness and Nonbeing
JUST AS INSIGHT EARLY BECAME A CENTRAL CONCEPTION IN psychoanalysis, so the concept of anxiety in turn took up a central and complementary role in the later theory. Freud said:
The problem of anxiety is a nodal point linking up all kinds of most important questions; a riddle, of which the solution must cast a flood of light upon our whole mental life. 1
Under a variety of names, the notion of anxiety is also at the center of the Existentialist account of human experience, and it is, in one guise or another, ubiquitous among religious techniques. In the detailed examination of self‐ transformation which we shall undertake in Part II, anxiety will, from various aspects, present itself as a crucial hurdle. The concept of anxiety is at the core of ego-psychology.
In this chapter, I shall attempt to bring out in a new way the nature and role of the concept of anxiety in psychoanalysis. This will in turn locate psychoanalytic theory as a whole within a large scientific and spiritual perspective. In