The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Illumination, 1859-1899

By Harold F. Williamson; Arnold R. Daum | Go to book overview

Chapter 22
Standard and the Ohio-Indiana fields

Since the earliest days of the industry the Mecca district, which spread across the border of western Pennsylvania into Ohio and the Macksburg fields in southeastern Ohio, had contributed modest amounts of crude to total domestic production.* While a portion of the Mecca crude was a "heavy" oil particularly valuable as a source of lubricants, most of the output from these fields was technically well suited for general refining operations and was usually classified among the Pennsylvania-type crudes.

Although production in the Mecca and Macksburg areas continued to expand, it was the development of the "Lima fields" during the mid -1880's which made Ohio a major crude producer. Centered in the northwestern part of the state, the first discoveries were made near the towns of Lima in

____________________
*
Total production from these fields between 1860 and 1875 has been estimated at about 200,000 barrels, while for the 1860-84 period as a whole, output never exceeded 50,000 barrels in any one year.1

-589-

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