7. Paraphrasing Sources

Sharing a source’s ideas with your audience by paraphrasing them is one of the most common writing tasks you will do in college.

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7.1  When and why to paraphrase 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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When and why to paraphrase

When and why to paraphrase

Learn when paraphrasing is a good method of incorporating source material into your paper.

Example

Paraphrase thoughtfully and avoid inappropriate uses of paraphrase

Paraphrase sources when you need to present accurately the main points of another writer or source, in your own original language without additional commentary.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Knowing the Basics

    Learn the basics of how to use paraphrasing in your research paper.

  2. 2.

    Understanding paraphrasing

    Know what a good paraphrase is and when its application is effective.

7.2  Understanding the ideas of the source 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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Understanding the ideas of the source

Understanding the ideas of the source

In order to create a successful paraphrase, you must first learn and understand the content of your source.

Example

Use signal phrases to introduce paraphrases

Different disciplines have varying guidelines, but it is always a good idea to alert readers clearly to the source of the paraphrase and give introductory words that provide context.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Using effective techniques to paraphrase

    Recognize the connection between how you understand the source and how you write a paraphrase.

  2. 2.

    Paraphrasing accurately

    Represent both the author’s intent and your comprehension by paraphrasing accurately.

7.3  When paraphrasing doesn’t work 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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When paraphrasing doesn’t work

When paraphrasing doesn’t work

Figure out when it is not appropriate or necessary to use paraphrased material from your source into your paper.

Example

Avoid unacceptable paraphrasing: reusing sentence structure

When you paraphrase a source, to avoid plagiarism you must take care not to follow the sentence structure of the original too closely.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Drawing boundaries

    Determine the best situation in which to paraphrase.

  2. 2.

    Thinking beyond a paraphrase

    Consider the advantages and disadvantages of writing a paraphrase.

7.4  Changing words and sentence structure 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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Changing words and sentence structure

Changing words and sentence structure

Understanding how to paraphrase by making enough changes to your source can help you avoid patch writing and plagiarism.

Example

Avoid unacceptable paraphrasing: reusing words or phrasing

To avoid plagiarism, when you paraphrase a source, you must use your own words and check to be sure you have not borrowed without using quotation marks.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Avoiding plagiarism when paraphrasing

    Avoid unintentional plagiarism by paraphrasing properly.

  2. 2.

    Learning to paraphrase properly

    Follow the proper techniques for writing a paraphrase.

7.5  Identifying your source 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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Identifying your source

Identifying your source

Since paraphrasing ideas from your source does not make them your own, it’s always important to fully cite and credit your original source.

Example

Paraphrases require citation

Include citation information for any sources you paraphrase in your research project.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Documenting your sources

    Know the documentation guidelines for paraphrasing in your paper.

  2. 2.

    Documenting your paraphrase according to discipline

    Use the different documentation styles correctly when paraphrasing.