8. Summarizing Sources

Summarizing sources accurately gives you the opportunity to keep your readers’ attention focused where you want it.

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8.1  When and why to write summaries 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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When and why to write summaries

When and why to write summaries

Learn when using a summary is a good method of incorporating source material into your paper.

Example

Know when and how to summarize

Summarize a source when you need to present the main point in a work or a passage, but the exact wording and details are not important.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Understanding when to summarize

    Understand how the use of a summary of a source works in your research paper.

  2. 2.

    Using a summary in your paper

    Learn when and why it is best to use a summary in your research paper.

8.2  Reading and writing to create a summary 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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Reading and writing to create a summary

Reading and writing to create a summary

Writing a good summary begins with careful reading of a source, and it often takes two or more readings to fully comprehend the ideas and details.

Example

Use signal phrases to introduce summaries

Different disciplines have varying guidelines, but you should always alert readers to the source of a summary and use introductory words that provide context.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Reading to create a summary

    Develop methods of summarizing that help organize research and understand sources.

  2. 2.

    Writing to create a summary

    Apply strategies that will enable you to summarize sources successfully.

8.3  Avoiding interpretation 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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Avoiding interpretation

Avoiding interpretation

When you write a summary, your role is to accurately represent the author’s ideas, not your own. Learn to avoid accidental interpretation or analysis when summarizing.

Example

Summarize carefully to avoid plagiarism

While you summarize a passage or long work, avoid looking at the original and draft a summary that is entirely in your own words.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Avoiding interpretation

    Recognize how to keep analysis and opinion out of summaries.

  2. 2.

    Including your opinion

    Become aware of why it is imperative to remain objective when drafting and using a summary.

8.4  Using summaries in an annotated bibliography 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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Using summaries in an annotated bibliography

Using summaries in an annotated bibliography

Including a brief summary of a source and how you might use it to craft your paper in your annotated bibliography is a great tool to incorporate your research into your paper.

Example

Summarize the contents of a source for an annotated bibliography

To summarize a source usefully for an annotated bibliography, you will need to carefully describe and show that you understand it, without adding commentary or evaluation.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Preparing an annotated bibliography

    Prepare an annotated biography using summaries.

  2. 2.

    Using an annotated bibliography

    Discover the usefulness of using a summary in your annotated bibliography.

8.5  Citing your source 0 of 2 quizzes completed

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Citing your source

Citing your source

Since summarizing ideas from your source does not make them your own, it’s always important to fully cite and credit your original source.

Example

Summary requires citation

Include the source of any material in your research project that you summarize.

Quizzes

  1. 1.

    Learning how to cite your summary

    Cite the source of your summary properly and master the rules regarding summary citation.

  2. 2.

    Using signal phrases and citation building tools

    Put the finishing touch on a summary by using a signal phrase and citation-building software.