National Labor Relations Commission 29th Founding Anniversary

Article excerpt

LABOR dispute adjudication started in the Philippines during the Commonwealth period when the Contract Labor Law act was passed by the US Congress on January 23, 1885, and was enforced in the Philippines on June 6, 1899. The law initially placed labor cases under the jurisdiction of the Court of First Instance. More than three decades later, the National Assembly through Commonwealth Act No. 103, created the Court of Industrial Relations (CIR), and vested in it jurisdiction over labor cases.

The CIR consisted of a Presiding Judge and four Associate Judges appointed by the President of the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of the National Assembly. The judges were required to have the same qualifications as those provided in the Constitution for members of the Supreme Court. Its jurisdiction included the deciding, investigating, and or settling of disputes arising between and/or affecting employers and employees or laborers; and disputes arising between and/or affecting landlords and tenants or farm-laborers (tenancy disputes).

The powers of the CIR were enlarged by Republic Act No. 875, the Industrial Peace Act, enacted on June 15, 1953, to include unfair labor practice issues; matters relating to labor disputes in industries indispensable to the national interests; questions concerning representation of employees; and claims under the minimum wage law and hours of work. …