African-American History Test

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AFRICAN-AMERICAN FIRSTS

1. Given the name "Isabella" and speaking Dutch from infancy, the first Black female professional anti-slavery orator, she has been given credit for a speech in English she never made. What was her stage name and what was the title of a litany written in her honor?

2. An African-American used clothing store owner in Boston authored the first nationally noticed political pamphlet by a person. Some locations made it a crime to possess this document. Identify the author and the pamphlet.

3. He helped Frederick Douglass edit the North Star, 1848, published a still cited book in 1852, led an exploratory party to Africa in 1859, and in 1865, he was the first Black during the Civil War to be appointed to a rank higher than sergeant. What were his rank and name?

4. She was the founder of her own college, the organizer of the premiere Black female public issue association in the 20th century, first African female administrator to head a federal office and made history down to the writing of her "Last Will and Testament." Who was she?

5. At the core of the institutional arrangements effecting the amount of credit and cash available in the United States, the Federal Reserve Board is to the American economy what the heart is to the human body: a pump whose decisions pulsate throughout the nation. Identify the first Black to head this unit of government?

6. While several African-American females hold congressional seats in our time, the very first Black woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1968 had already served in her state legislature. Identify that noted person.

7. In national recognition, this African-American educator achieved a "double first": he was the first to have a U.S. stamp issued (1940) bearing his likeness and the first to have a U.S. coin issued (1946) with his facial image. Identify him.

8. A major model for Blacks and whites in the 1940s, this educator achieved national renown for his scientific work and became the first African American to be honored with a federally-funded statue (1960) to his memory. Who was he?

9. While most enslaved Africans in the New World used to raise sugar cane, a free person of color was the first person to follow explicitly scientific methods in 1843 in the conversion of cane juice to crystallized sugar. Identify that person.

10. Before becoming the first African American to attain the rank of general in the U.S. Air Force, this serviceman was the first and only individual in recent military history to receive two promotions within 24 hours--from captain to major and lieutenant colonel. Identify him.

11. While astronauts are now seen as routine, few are aware of the first Black person to be selected for the exceedingly rigorous training required by the space program's Manned Orbiting Laboratory in 1967. What was that person's name?

12. Mae C. Jemison, the first female astronaut, is known primarily for her role in the space program. Before entering this program in 1987, Ms. Jemison worked in Sierra Leone, Africa for two years in what capacity?

13. From its founding in 1867 to 1926, Howard University, the nation's best known most comprehensive predominantly Black university, had white presidents. What was the profession and full name of its first African-American president?

14. Able to write in English, French and German by his early twenties, this Philadelphia-born scholar was the first African American to be awarded, in 1907, a Rhodes scholarship, the world's most prestigious grant for advanced study at Oxford University. Identify him.

15. Who was the first African American to head The National Science Foundation?

HEROES AND HEROINES

16. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) were among the most prominent national civil rights advocacy organizations in the Sixties. …