United Nations General Assembly 59th Session

Article excerpt

THE General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the United Nations. It is composed of representatives of all Member States, each of which has one vote. Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, admission of new members, and budgetary matters, require the approval of the General Assembly with a two-thirds majority vote. Decisions on other questions are reached by a simple majority.

Under the Charter, the functions and powers of the General Assembly include making recommendations on the principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, to promote international political cooperation, the development and codification of international law, the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, and international collaboration in economic, social, cultural, educational and health fields. It may make recommendations for the peaceful settlement of any situation which might impair friendly relations among nations. It elects the non-permanent members of the Security Council, the members of the Economic and Social Council, those members of the Trusteeship Council that are elected, and jointly with the Security Council, the judges of the International Court of Justice. …