Diabetes Mellitus

Article excerpt

People with diabetes also run a higher than average risk of developing atherosclerosis, with its risk of stroke, heart attack, and highblood pressure. The blood vessels to your legs become narrowed, which cause cramps, cold feet, pain upon walking and climbing stairs, and even skin ulcers and gangrene.

What should be done?

If you suspect you have diabetes mellitus, see your physician, who will ask you for urine and blood tests.

Peripheral neuropathy, chronic kidney failure and diabetic retinopathy are possible complications that are treatable and preventable with good glucose control. The best results come from early recognition and assessment of how far the disorder has advanced. It is important that you assume some of the responsibility for your care, which includes diet and weight control, checking your urine for sugar, exercising appropriately, and regular comprehensive medical check-ups.

What is the treatment?

* No cure has yet been found for diabetes mellitus, and you will need treatment for the disorder all your life, once it has been diagnosed.

* There is no question that type I diabetic requires insulin. Insulin preparations have been used in the treatment of diabetes since 1922. Since insulin is not absorbed orally, it must be injected. Your physician will show you how to use a syringe to inject the insulin just under the skin of your thigh, arm or abdomen.

* Diet alone can control type II diabetes mellitus in many cases. A diet to control diabetes restricts the amount of carbohydrates you eat at one meal. When type II diabetes cannot be controlled satisfactorily with diet therapy, many medical doctors use drugs known as oral hypoglycemic agents. They appear to stimulate the secretion of insulin by the pancreas as well as enhance the sensitivity of body tissues to insulin.

Essential substances in blood sugar control:

The treatment of diabetes and hypoglycemia requires nutritional supplementation. Diabetes and hypoglycemia have such an increased need for many nutrients that dietary supplementation is the only practical solution. Supplying these people with additional key nutrients has been shown to improve blood sugar control as well as help prevent or improve many of the major complications of their conditions.

Chromium picolinate

Chromium picolinate is a nutritional supplement that can help control diabetes. As the name implies, it is a combination of two different substances: Chromium and picolinate. Chromium is a mineral that helps to increase efficiency of insulin, the hormone that controls blood glucose (blood sugar) levels; picolinate is an amino acid derivative that allows the body to use chromium much readily.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is perhaps the most publicized vitamin. The primary function of vitamin C is in the manufacture of collagen, the main protein substance of the human body. Since collagen is such an important protein in the structure that holds the body together (connective tissue, cartilage, tendons and so on), vitamin C is vital for wound repair, healthy gums, and the prevention of easy bruising. The fact is that a diabetic person needs more vitamin C than healthy non-diabetics. A chronic, latent vitamin C deficiency can lead to a number of problems for the diabetic. This includes an increased tendency to bleed, poor wound healing, an elevated cholesterol level, and a depressed immune system.


Magnesium reduces the complications associated with diabetes. A deficiency in magnesium can occur in people with diabetes, and is associated with immediate and long-term complications, namely: Heart disease, kidney problems, diabetic retinopathy, impotence and nerve damages. …