Exercise Identity Scale Score Differences between Secondary Physical Education and Substitute Physical Education Students by Gender

Article excerpt

Texas requires 1 1/2 to 2 years of physical education (PE) for students to graduate from high school. However, students can substitute physical education (SubPE) with a variety of classes. The study wanted to determine if significant differences existed between PE and SubPE students on exercise identity by gender. Data were collected from 310 students with 164 girls (86 PE/78 SubPE) and 146 boys (62 PE/84 SubPE). All participants had completed all PE or SubPE requirements. Permission for the study was obtained from the university and school district where data were collected. Student assent and parental consent forms were obtained from all participants before data collection. The Exercise Identity Scale (EIS; Anderson & Cychosz, 1994) was used to test for differences in exercise identity. The EIS has nine items rated on a 7-point Likert-type format. Responses range from strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (7). Higher scores indicate greater exercise identity. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test for differences in exercise identity with the alpha level for significance established at the p < .05 level. ANOVA analysis determined both male and female SubPE students had significantly higher exercise identity than male and female PE students with p < .05. Female SubPE students had significantly higher rates of exercise identity than female PE students at the p < . …