World Intellectual Property Day

Article excerpt

INTELLECTUAL property refers to creations of the mind: Inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce. Intellectual property is divided into two categories - industrial and copyright.

Industrial property includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source. Copyright includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs, and sculptures, and architectural designs.

Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and those of broadcasters in their radio and television programs.

Although most people are aware of intellectual property, many still view these as business or legal concepts with little relevance to their own lives. To address this gap, the World Intellectual Property Office (WIPO) Member States decided in 2000 to designate an annual World Intellectual Property Day. They chose April 26, the date on which the Convention establishing WIPO originally entered into force in 1970.

Eight years after the first observance, the awareness of the meaning and importance of intellectual property has increased. …