Evaluating Citizen Attitudes and Participation in Solid Waste Management in Tehran, Iran

Article excerpt

* As municipal solid waste (MSW) problems become more complicated, waste policies also become more numerous and complex.

* Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the environmental impact of solid waste in Iran.

* Having a population of about 10 million (about 1/7 of Iran's total population), Tehran is among the most populated capitals in the world.

* With 22 different districts, this city generates approximately 7,000 tons of municipal waste per day that culminates in 2.5 million tons annually.

* If a reduction strategy on the waste stream is not implemented, this huge amount of waste will be buried in Kahrizak (the exclusive landfill site of Tehran).

* Land and underground water resource degradation in the vicinity of the landfill site--as well as epidemic disease ourbreaks that were obviously observed by the researchers in the area surrounding the site--may be considered as alarming warnings for further catastrophic consequences of uncontrolled waste dumping.

* In this study, the authors analyze the current composition of Tehran's generated waste and make some practical recommendations in order to reduce the waste stream load directed towards land.

* The authors also evaluate the degree to which people are concerned about the fate of the waste they generate.

* Trained interviewers performed door-to-door surveys to evaluate citizens' attitudes and beliefs about participation in point-of-generation reduction programs like source separation, waste minimization, etc. …