Pakistan "Mashal" LNG Project the Progress So Far!

Article excerpt

Pakistan has formulated a comprehensive 25-year energy plan wherein the country's indigenous natural gas resources are insufficient and unlikely to meet the increasing demand for gas beyond 2010. The solution lies in importing natural gas through transnational pipelines and Liquefied Natural Gas or LNG as it is commonly referred to.

EXPORT OF CRUDE OIL & PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

Unit: Qty. in Tonnes Qty. in TOE (Value in Million US$)

Products                  2003-04    2004-05    2005-06    2006-07

Crude Oil                 110,000     40,599
                             n.a.    (14.76)

Energy Products Naphtha   608,929    742,959    851,687    917,844
                          650,580    793,777    909,942    980,625
                         (113.07)   (218.01)   (299.67)   (536.43)

Motor Spirit               20,726      1,164      4,715     88,670
                           22,144      1,244      5,038     94,735
                           (7.79)     (0.67)     (3.02)    (44.28)

HSD                        74,936     34,221     60,612     33,481
                           78,780     35,977     63,721     35,199
                          (25.73)    (16.82)    (43.31)    (25.78)

Kerosene                    1,275        552         51
                            1,315        569         53          0
                           (0.43)     (0.34)     (0.03)

JP-1                      160,103    217,105    333,525    303,025
                          165,162    223,966    344,064    312,601
                          (56.76)   (118.97)   (250.23)   (242.20)

Fumace Oil                      -        352        645         89
                                         343        628         87
                                      (0.11)     (0.24)     (0.04)

Total Energy Products:    865,969    996,353  1,251,235  1,343,109
                          917,981  1,055,875  1,323,446  1,423,245
                         (203.78)   (354.92)   (596.50)   (848.73)

Asphalt                    25,727     15,642     14,644      5,114
                           (6.97)     (4.27)     (5.49)     (2.43)

Lubes                         402          -          -          -
                           (0.39)

Products                    2007-08    2008-09    ACGR
Crude Oil

Energy Products Naphtha     944,898    726,504    3.6%
                          1,009,529    776,197
                           (778.16)   (412.87)

Motor Spirit                 41,392      3,034  -31.9%
                             44,223      3,242
                            (35.36)     (2.82)

HSD                          20,052     62,014   -3.7%
                             21,081     65,195
                            (21.51)    (53.80)

Kerosene
                                  0          0

JP-1                        330,827    419,493   21.2%
                            341,281    432,749
                           (374.60)   (352.77)

Fumace Oil                      169        686
                                165        668
                             (0.09)     (0.28)

Total Energy Products:    1,337,338  1,211,731    6.9%
                          1,416,279  1,278,051
                         (1,209.72)   (822.54)

Asphalt                           0          0

Lubes                             -          -

Source; DG(Oil).

LNG is essentially natural gas - predominantly methane (CH4) - that is converted temporarily to liquid form by cooling natural gas to minus 162 degrees. When in liquid form, its volume is reduced by 600 times allowing it to be shipped economically over long distances. …