Prehistoric Hunting in Ohio

Article excerpt

Cut marks found on Ice Age bones indicate that humans in what is now Ohio hunted or scavenged animal meat earlier than previously known. Brian Redmond, curator of archaeology at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, was par t of a team that analyzed 10 animal bones found in 1998 in the collections of the Firelands Historical Society Museum in Nor walk, Ohio. Found by society member and coresearcher Matthew Burr, the bones were from a Jefferson's Ground Sloth. This large, plant-eating animal became extinct at the end of the Ice Age around 10,000 years ago.

A series of 41 incisions appear on the animal's left femur. Radiocarbon dating of the femur bone estimates its age to be between 13,435 to 13,738 years old. Microscopic analyses of the cut marks revealed that stone tools made the marks. The pattern and location of the distinct incisions indicate the filleting of leg muscles. No traces of the use of modern, metal cutting tools were found, so the marks are not the result of damage incurred during their unear thing. …